IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Capital Account Liberalization for a Small, Open Economy


  • Andreas Hauskrecht

    (Department of Business Economics and Public Policy, Indiana University Kelley School of Business)

  • Nhan Le

    (Economics Department, Indiana University)


We survey the ongoing debate on pros and cons for an early and comprehensive liberalization of capital flows by emerging economies. We examine the main theoretical assumptions that would lead to positive effects on output growth and consumption volatility and reflect them with recent literature on market imperfections and information deficiencies. We find little evidence for a positive effect of free capital flows on economic growth and stability for emerging economies. We apply these main results to Vietnam as an example for an open emerging economy and discuss the main explanatory factors that may lead to negative impacts of an early and premature liberalization of capital flows. For small, open economies, absorption capacity for capital is limited. Excessive capital inflows might cause Dutch disease phenomena and asymmetric information might trigger an inefficient use of capital. In particular, we stress potential negative impacts of capital flows on the currency risk premium. Finally, we argue that for a partly dollarized economy as Vietnam a premature liberalization of capital flows might significantly increase financial sector instability. In conclusion, we emphasize the importance of a prudential sequencing of capital account liberalization and strong domestic institutions such as an independent central bank, proper financial regulation and supervision and macroeconomic stability as necessary pre-conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Hauskrecht & Nhan Le, 2005. "Capital Account Liberalization for a Small, Open Economy," Working Papers 2005-13, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:iuk:wpaper:2005-13

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kristin J. Forbes, 2004. "Capital Controls: Mud in the Wheels of Market Discipline," NBER Working Papers 10284, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1999. "The Twin Crises: The Causes of Banking and Balance-of-Payments Problems," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 473-500, June.
    3. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2005. "Does financial liberalization spur growth?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 3-55, July.
    4. Michael W. Klein & Giovanni Olivei, 1999. "Capital Account Liberalization, Financial Depth and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 7384, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Graciela L. Kaminsky & Carmen Reinhart, 2003. "The Center and the Periphery: The Globalization of Financial Turmoil," NBER Working Papers 9479, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Andreas Hauskrecht & Nguyen Thanh Hai, 2004. "Dollarization in Viet Nam," Working Papers 2004-25, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.
    7. Carlos Arteta & Barry Eichengreen & Charles Wyplosz, 2001. "When Does Capital Account Liberalization Help More than It Hurts?," NBER Working Papers 8414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka & Chi-Wa Yuen, 1999. "Excessive FDI flows under asymmetric information," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Sep.
    9. Hali J. Edison & Michael W. Klein & Luca Antonio Ricci & Torsten Sl√łk, 2004. "Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance: Survey and Synthesis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 51(2), pages 1-2.
    10. Fiess, Norbert, 2003. "Capital flows, country risk, and contagion," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2943, The World Bank.
    11. repec:cup:apsrev:v:91:y:1997:i:03:p:531-551_21 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Michael G. Plummer, 2012. "Regional Monitoring of Capital Flows and Coordination of Financial Regulation: Stakes and Options for Asia," Chapters,in: Implications of the Global Financial Crisis for Financial Reform and Regulation in Asia, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Akhand Akhtar Hossain, 2009. "Central Banking and Monetary Policy in the Asia-Pacific," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12777.
    3. repec:eee:ecanpo:v:55:y:2017:i:c:p:132-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Ulrich Camen, 2006. "Monetary policy in Vietnam: the case of a transition country," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Monetary policy in Asia: approaches and implementation, volume 31, pages 232-252 Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Rodriguez, Cesar M., 2017. "The growth effects of financial openness and exchange rates," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 492-512.
    6. Menon, Jayant, 2009. "Managing Success in Viet Nam: Macroeconomic Consequences of Large Capital Inflows with Limited Policy Tools," Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration 27, Asian Development Bank.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iuk:wpaper:2005-13. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rick Harbaugh). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.