If You Build It, Will They Come?: Fiscal Federalism, Local Provision of Public Tourist Amenities, and the Vision Iowa Fund
The philosophy of fiscal federalism presumes that local communities will under- or over-provide public amenities in the presence of externalities.� We test this hypothesis using data from Vision Iowa, a state program which provided partial funding to communities to build tourist attractions.� We find a 1% increase in investment increased county taxable retail sales 0.9%.� The Stateâ€™s return, from program-induced sales tax revenue, averaged 9.2% annually.� Local communitiesâ€™ returns averaged 0.9% and we find a significant increase in surrounding areasâ€™ sales.� This suggests that without state subsidies, communities would undersupply public amenities aimed at attracting visitors.
|Date of creation:||08 Oct 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Review of Regional Studies, Winter 2013, vol. 43 no. 2,3, pp. 155-173|
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