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Why Do Rural Firms Live Longer?

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  • Yu, Li
  • Orazem, Peter
  • Jolly, Robert W.

Abstract

For the first 13 years after entry, the hazard rate for firm exits is persistently higher for urban than rural firms. While differences in observed industry market, local market and firm attributes explain some of the rural-urban gap in firm survival, rural firms retain a survival advantage 25% greater than observationally equivalent urban firms. In competitive markets, the remaining survival advantage for rural firms must be attributable to unobserved factors that are known at the time of entry. One plausible candidate for such a factor is thinner markets for the capital of failed rural firms. The implied lower salvage value of rural firms suggests that firms sorting into rural markets must have a higher probability of success in order to leave their expected profits equal to what they could earn in an urban market.

Suggested Citation

  • Yu, Li & Orazem, Peter & Jolly, Robert W., 2009. "Why Do Rural Firms Live Longer?," Staff General Research Papers Archive 13085, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:13085
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    File URL: http://www2.econ.iastate.edu/papers/p1455-2009-07-03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stevenson, Marcie & Artz, Georgeanne, 2017. "Improving rural business development, one firm at a time: A look at the effects of the USDA’s Value-Added Producer Grant on firm survival," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252785, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    2. Anabela Santos & Paulo Neto & Maria Manuel Serrano, 2016. "A long-term mortality analysis of subsidized firms in rural areas: an empirical study in the Portuguese Alentejo region," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 6(1), pages 125-151, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural; urban; entry; exit; survival; sorting; salvage value;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General

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