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How intense is Competition in International Markets of Traditional goods?

Author

Listed:
  • Sergio de Nardis

    () (ISAE - Institute for Studies and Economic Analyses)

  • Cristina Pensa

    (CSC- Centro Studi Confindustria)

Abstract

Italian industry continues to specialise in traditional industries. This is a source of concern for some observers who argue that this kind of specialisation overexpose Italian manufacturing to the competition of low cost producers, especially those located in emerging economies. We verify how intense is the competitive pressure on Italian exporters of traditional goods through a synthetic measure of their market power. We make use of the coincidence of the concept of relative mark up (or Lerner index), as an indicator of market power, with that of elasticity of the residual demand curve. Our findings indicate that assertions as to the excessive exposure of the Italian specialised sectors (textile, apparel, footwear, leather, ceramics, wooden furniture) to the pricing policies of competitors are questionable. Over the period considered (the 80s’ and the 90s’) Italian exporters were able to practice mark ups over marginal cost in most of the products/markets we analysed. Only in a minority of cases Italian exporters showed no market power.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio de Nardis & Cristina Pensa, 2004. "How intense is Competition in International Markets of Traditional goods?," ISAE Working Papers 45, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).
  • Handle: RePEc:isa:wpaper:45
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    File URL: http://lipari.istat.it/digibib/Working_Papers/denardis_pensa_wp452004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou & Knetter, Michael M., 1999. "Measuring the intensity of competition in export markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 27-60, February.
    2. Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1989. "Empirical studies of industries with market power," Handbook of Industrial Organization,in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 17, pages 1011-1057 Elsevier.
    3. Baker, Jonathan B. & Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1988. "Estimating the residual demand curve facing a single firm," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 283-300.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ricotta, Fernanda & Mannarino, Lidia & Pupo, Valeria & Succurro, Marianna, 2008. "Export quality in the machinery sector: Some evidence from main competitors," MPRA Paper 12677, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Roberto Basile & Sergio de Nardis & Alessandro Girardi, 2009. "Pricing to market of Italian exporting firms," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(12), pages 1543-1562.
    3. Borin, Alessandro & Lamieri, Marco, 2007. "Estimating Product Quality in International Trade," MPRA Paper 14678, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Roberta Rabellotti & Anna Carabelli & Giovanna Hirsch, 2007. "Italian SMEs and industrial districts on the move: Where are they going?," Working Papers 115, SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    market power; specialisation; international competition; export markets.;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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