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The South revisited: The division of labor and family outcomes in Italy and Spain


  • Cooke, Lynn Prince

    (Nuffield College, Oxford UK)


Social provisions and market services assist families in balancing production and reproduction, so that women´s employment need not be associated with lower fertility. Yet men´s participation in childcare has not kept pace with women´s rising labor force participation. Here, the effect of men´s childcare hours on the likelihood of second births is analyzed for Italian and Spanish couples using the European Community Household Panel. While different sources of care, such as another household adult and private childcare, significantly increase the odds of second births, so, too, among the youngest cohort of Italian couples, does a father´s greater time in childcare. This suggests that even in a country with strong cultural support for the male breadwinner model, this model is family sub-optimal in modern economies.

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  • Cooke, Lynn Prince, 2003. "The South revisited: The division of labor and family outcomes in Italy and Spain," IRISS Working Paper Series 2003-12, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2003-12

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    1. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polachek, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters,in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 76-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Joëlle Sleebos, 2003. "Low Fertility Rates in OECD Countries: Facts and Policy Responses," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 15, OECD Publishing.
    3. Daniela Del Boca, 2002. "The effect of child care and part time opportunities on participation and fertility decisions in Italy," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(3), pages 549-573.
    4. Becker, Gary S, 1985. "Human Capital, Effort, and the Sexual Division of Labor," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages 33-58, January.
    5. Gershuny, Jonathan, 2000. "Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287872.
    6. Alícia Adserà, 2004. "Changing fertility rates in developed countries. The impact of labor market institutions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 17(1), pages 17-43, February.
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