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Estimating road transport costs between EU regions

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Abstract

Transport costs are a crucial element of any spatial economic model. Surprisingly, good transport cost estimates at a detailed spatial level for the EU are not readily available. In this paper we address this issue by estimating a novel dataset of road freight transport costs for goods for the EU regions at the NUTS 2 level. In the spirit of the generalized transport cost (GTC) concept, we calculate the composite cost related to distance and time for the optimal route of a representative truck. We consider routes between large random samples of centroids drawn from a 1kmx1km population density grid. These transport costs are averaged to obtain an origin-destination cost matrix (in euros) at the region-pair level. The sampling approach also allows calculating the average transport cost within the regions. We separately report the corresponding iceberg transport costs for each pair of European regions, since this is the form of input required by many economic models. We also consider the effect of changes in the components of the GTC in order to evaluate transport policies. We set up a transport policy tool to assess the impact of road-transport infrastructure investment in a region by considering upgrading roads to highways. We apply this tool to study transport infrastructure investment through the European Cohesion Policy program 2014-2020.

Suggested Citation

  • Damiaan Persyn & Jorge Diaz-Lanchas & Javier Barbero, 2019. "Estimating road transport costs between EU regions," JRC Working Papers on Territorial Modelling and Analysis 2019-04, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:termod:201904
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    File URL: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files/jrc114409.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Miren Lafourcade, 2005. "Transport costs: measures, determinants, and regional policy implications for France," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(3), pages 319-349, June.
    2. Patrizio Lecca & Javier Barbero Jimenez & Martin Aaroe Christensen & Andrea Conte & Francesco Di Comite & Jorge Diaz-Lanchas & Olga Diukanova & Giovanni Mandras & Damiaan Persyn & Stylianos Sakkas, 2018. "RHOMOLO V3:A Spatial Modelling Framework," JRC Working Papers JRC111861, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    3. Teixeira, Antonio Carlos, 2006. "Transport policies in light of the new economic geography: The Portuguese experience," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 450-466, July.
    4. Mark Thissen & Olga Ivanova & Giovanni Mandras & Trond Husby, 2019. "European NUTS 2 regions: construction of interregional trade-linked Supply and Use tables with consistent transport flows," JRC Working Papers on Territorial Modelling and Analysis 2019-01, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    5. Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso & Felicitas D. Nowak-Lehmann, 2007. "Is distance a good proxy for transport costs? The case of competing transport modes," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 411-434.
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    Cited by:

    1. Patrizio Lecca & Martin Christensen & Andrea Conte & Giovanni Mandras & Simone Salotti, 2019. "Upward pressure on wages and the interregional trade spillover effects under demand-side shocks," JRC Working Papers on Territorial Modelling and Analysis 2019-03, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    2. Patrizio Lecca & Javier Barbero Jimenez & Martin Aaroe Christensen & Andrea Conte & Francesco Di Comite & Jorge Diaz-Lanchas & Olga Diukanova & Giovanni Mandras & Damiaan Persyn & Stylianos Sakkas, 2018. "RHOMOLO V3:A Spatial Modelling Framework," JRC Working Papers JRC111861, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rhomolo; Region; Growth; Generalized Transport Costs; Infrastructure; Cohesion Policy; OSM; EU.;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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