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A Evolução da Segregação por Qualificação Profissional ao Nível das Firmas

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  • Luiz Dias Bahia
  • Danilo Coelho
  • Alexandre Messa Silva
  • Sergei Soares

Abstract

Este artigo mede a evolução, entre 1996 e 2005, da segregação por qualificação profissional no que se refere a firmas no mercado de trabalho formal brasileiro. O objetivo é verificar em que medida as firmas possuem uma composição de qualificação laboral diferente daquela dos trabalhadores como um todo. A segregação é medida para quatro diferentes atributos de qualificação laboral: anos de estudo, salário, tempo de emprego e idade. O resultado principal é que, contrastando com o que está ocorrendo nos Estados Unidos, na Grã- Bretanha e na França, há uma diminuição da segregação quando o atributo é educação. Trata-se de um fenômeno claro, que ocorre em todas as regiões do país. This article measures the evolution of segregation by skill level among firms in the Brazilian formal labor market from 1996 to 2005. We define segregation as firms having a labor force composition by skill different from the labor market as a whole. We measure segregation using four different indicators for skill level: educational attainment, wages, job tenure, and age. Our main result is that, in contrasts to what has been observed in the United States, the United Kingdom and France, there is a reduction of educational segregation. This is a widespread phenomenon that can be observed in all five of Brazil’s regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Luiz Dias Bahia & Danilo Coelho & Alexandre Messa Silva & Sergei Soares, 2009. "A Evolução da Segregação por Qualificação Profissional ao Nível das Firmas," Discussion Papers 1406, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1406
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    1. Kremer, M & Maskin, E, 1996. "Wage Inequality and Segregation by Skill," Working papers 96-23, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    2. Michael Kremer, 1993. "The O-Ring Theory of Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 551-575.
    3. Antonio Cabrales & Antoni Calvó, 2002. "Social preferences and skill segregation," Economics Working Papers 629, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    4. Ruiz-Castillo, Javier & Mora, Ricardo, 2007. "The invariance properties of the Mutual Information index of multigroup segregation," UC3M Working papers. Economics we077544, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    5. Sattinger, Michael, 1975. "Comparative Advantage and the Distributions of Earnings and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 43(3), pages 455-468, May.
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