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Produtos Agropecuários: Para quem Exportar?

  • Ronaldo Daniel Da Mata
  • Rogério Edivaldo Freitas
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    Este trabalho procura discutir fatores de atração das exportações agropecuárias brasileiras. Para tal implementou-se um modelo gravitacional acrescido de procedimentos econométricos de efeitos fixos e aleatórios, além da abordagem por Mínimos Quadrados Ordinários (MQO). As principais variáveis identificadas como determinantes dessas exportações foram a distância para os mercados de destino, o Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) dos parceiros comerciais e a localização geográfica do país importador. Ademais, verificaram-se efeitos puzzles para a taxa de câmbio, o perfil agroexportador do país importador e a participação do setor agrícola na economia de destino. Por fim, o trabalho realça uma diferenciação das variáveis relevantes em função de características específicas dos parceiros comerciais brasileiros. The paper discussed the main factors that explain the Brazilian agricultural exports. In order to achieve this goal, the paper applied a gravity model that includes fixed and random effects estimations, besides the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) approach. Distance, trade partners` GDP, and geographical localization were the significant variables. Moreover, puzzle effects are associated to exchange rate, partners` agricultural exports profile and the partners` agricultural share in GDP. Finally, this study highlights the potential change of the relevant variables because of specific characteristics of each commercial Brazilian partner.

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    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1321.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1321
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    1. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-81, August.
    2. Lourenço Senne Paz & Afonso Arinos de Mello Franco Neto, 2003. "Brazilian Border and Mercosul Integration Effects: an Exploratory Assessment Using the Gravity Model," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31th Brazilian Economics Meeting] c34, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. Feenstra, Robert & Markusen, James R. & Rose, Andrew K, 1998. "Understanding the Home Market Effect and the Gravity Equation: The Role of Differentiating Goods," CEPR Discussion Papers 2035, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Márcia Batista da Fonseca & Alvaro Barrantes Hidalgo, 2004. "Os Impactos Da Alca Sobre As Exportações Agrícolas Brasileiras," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 059, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    5. Joao Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2005. "The log of gravity," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3744, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Simon J. Evenett & Wolfgang Keller, 1998. "On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation," NBER Working Papers 6529, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Alan V. Deardorff, 1995. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," NBER Working Papers 5377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Ferreira, Bfancolina & Balsadi, Otavio Valentim & Freitas, Rogerio Edivaldo & Almeida, Alexandre Nunes, 2006. "Ocupações Agrícolas E Não Agrícolas: Trajetória E Rendimentos No Meio Rural Brasileiro," 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil 146406, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
    9. Porojan, A., 2000. "Trade Flows and Spatial Effects: The Gravity Model Revisited," Discussion Papers 0004, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
    10. I-Hui Cheng & Howard J. Wall, 2004. "Controlling for heterogeneity in gravity models of trade and integration," Working Papers 1999-010, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    11. Steven S. Zahniser & Daniel Pick & Greg Pompelli & Mark J. Gehlhar, 2002. "Regionalism in the Western Hemisphere and Its Impact on U.S. Agricultural Exports: A Gravity-Model Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(3), pages 791-797.
    12. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-16, March.
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