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Produtos Agropecuários: Para quem Exportar?

Author

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  • Ronaldo Daniel Da Mata
  • Rogério Edivaldo Freitas

Abstract

Este trabalho procura discutir fatores de atração das exportações agropecuárias brasileiras. Para tal implementou-se um modelo gravitacional acrescido de procedimentos econométricos de efeitos fixos e aleatórios, além da abordagem por Mínimos Quadrados Ordinários (MQO). As principais variáveis identificadas como determinantes dessas exportações foram a distância para os mercados de destino, o Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) dos parceiros comerciais e a localização geográfica do país importador. Ademais, verificaram-se efeitos puzzles para a taxa de câmbio, o perfil agroexportador do país importador e a participação do setor agrícola na economia de destino. Por fim, o trabalho realça uma diferenciação das variáveis relevantes em função de características específicas dos parceiros comerciais brasileiros. The paper discussed the main factors that explain the Brazilian agricultural exports. In order to achieve this goal, the paper applied a gravity model that includes fixed and random effects estimations, besides the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) approach. Distance, trade partners` GDP, and geographical localization were the significant variables. Moreover, puzzle effects are associated to exchange rate, partners` agricultural exports profile and the partners` agricultural share in GDP. Finally, this study highlights the potential change of the relevant variables because of specific characteristics of each commercial Brazilian partner.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronaldo Daniel Da Mata & Rogério Edivaldo Freitas, 2008. "Produtos Agropecuários: Para quem Exportar?," Discussion Papers 1321, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1321
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-481, August.
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    3. I-Hui Cheng & Howard J. Wall, 2005. "Controlling for heterogeneity in gravity models of trade and integration," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jan, pages 49-63.
    4. Alan Deardorff, 1998. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," NBER Chapters,in: The Regionalization of the World Economy, pages 7-32 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    11. Ferreira, Bfancolina & Balsadi, Otavio Valentim & Freitas, Rogerio Edivaldo & Almeida, Alexandre Nunes, 2006. "Ocupações Agrícolas E Não Agrícolas: Trajetória E Rendimentos No Meio Rural Brasileiro," 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil 146406, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
    12. Márcia Batista da Fonseca & Alvaro Barrantes Hidalgo, 2004. "Os Impactos Da Alca Sobre As Exportações Agrícolas Brasileiras," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 059, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
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