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Os Impactos Da Alca Sobre As Exportações Agrícolas Brasileiras


  • Márcia Batista da Fonseca
  • Alvaro Barrantes Hidalgo


In the last decade of the century XX, the main integration enterprises with that Brazil was involved was the Market Common of the South (MERCOSUL) and the negotiations around the formation of the Area of free trade of America (FTTA). The regional integration with the commercial liberalization benefitted the Brazilian agricultural section deeply and today the country comes in the scenery of the FTTA as the second largest exporter of agricultural products of the block. The effects suffered by trade are directly related to early trade restrictions, which were imposed to the partners and the volume of trade first verified amongst them. Considering such aspect, this study intends to capture the probable effects of the Brazilian adhesion to FTAA in relation to the exportation of coffee, cacao, soy, sugar, orange juice and meat the period of 1999-2002. That analysis is made under the optics of the partial equilibrium developed through equations proposed by Laid and Yeats (1986) so as to estimate the first order effect, i.e., the reduction of trade restrictions through the elasticities approach. The conclusion to draw in relation to the simulations made for the period 1999-2002 - in the case of total liberalization of the trade restrictions imposed to Brazil by the FTAA member-countries - is that, for the group of products studied the effect trade creation turns out to be superior to the effect trade diversion, showing Brazilian agrobusiness as competitive inside FTAA.

Suggested Citation

  • Márcia Batista da Fonseca & Alvaro Barrantes Hidalgo, 2004. "Os Impactos Da Alca Sobre As Exportações Agrícolas Brasileiras," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 059, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:059

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    Cited by:

    1. Ronaldo Daniel Da Mata & Rogério Edivaldo Freitas, 2008. "Produtos Agropecuários: Para quem Exportar?," Discussion Papers 1321, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    2. Almeida, Eduardo Simões de & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2010. "Is the truth out there? Avaliando as opções de integração econômica para o Brasil [Is the truth out there? Evaluating the economic integration options for Brazil]," MPRA Paper 54443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. De Almeida, Eduardo Simoes & Guilhoto, Joaquim, 2006. "O Custo De Transporte Como Barreira Ao Comércio Na Integração Econômica: O Caso Do Nordeste," 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil 146589, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).

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    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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