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The rise of the "just-in-time workforce" : on-demand work, crowdwork and labour protection in the "gig-economy"


  • De Stefano, Valerio.


The so-called “gig-economy” has been growing exponentially in numbers and importance in recent years but its impact on labour rights has been largely overlooked. Forms of work in the “gig-economy” include “crowdwork”, and “work- on-demand via apps”, under which the demand and supply of working activities is matched online or via mobile apps. These forms of work can provide a good match of job opportunities and allow flexible working schedules. However, they can also pave the way to a severe commodification of work. This paper discusses the implications of this commodification and advocates the full recognition of activities in the gig-economy as “work”.

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  • De Stefano, Valerio., 2016. "The rise of the "just-in-time workforce" : on-demand work, crowdwork and labour protection in the "gig-economy"," ILO Working Papers 994899823402676, International Labour Organization.
  • Handle: RePEc:ilo:ilowps:994899823402676

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stone,Katherine V. W., 2004. "From Widgets to Digits," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521535991.
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    5. Paul Bowles & Fiona MacPhail, 2008. "Introduction to the Special Issue on Pathways from Casual Work to Economic Security: Canadian and International Perspectives," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 88(1), pages 1-13, August.
    6. Janine Berg (ed.), 2015. "Labour Markets, Institutions and Inequality," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 16143.
    7. Greene, Laura & Mamic, Ivanka., 2015. "The future of work : increasing reach through mobile technology," ILO Working Papers 994867513402676, International Labour Organization.
    8. Gospel, Howard., 2003. "Quality of working life : a review on changes in work organization, conditions of employment and work-life arrangements," ILO Working Papers 993623463402676, International Labour Organization.
    9. repec:ilo:ilowps:486751 is not listed on IDEAS
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