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The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy. Case of Austria

  • Krylova, Elizaveta

    (Department of Economics and Finance, Institute for Advanced Studies)

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    The legal environment, the structure of the financial system as well as the concentration of corporate ownership and the development of the capital market suggest for Austria a high effectiveness of the monetary policy with a strong impact of the lending channel. This supposition was verified combining three supplementary empirical methods: Granger causality between the velocities of money and loans and the real output; impulse-response functions for VECs with the subsequently opened/closed money/credit channels; the predictive power of money and loan variables for a production forecast. Both various types of loans and the total volume of credits for separate banking groups were examined. The Austrian output showed to be highly sensitive to monetary policy innovations; both the money and the credit channel were significant. The dependence of Austrian firms on credits rather than on other financial resources was more pronounced for credits in domestic currency, mortgage loans and municipal notes.

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    File URL: http://www.ihs.ac.at/publications/eco/es-111.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2002
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    Paper provided by Institute for Advanced Studies in its series Economics Series with number 111.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ihs:ihsesp:111
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    Order Information: Postal: Institute for Advanced Studies - Library, Stumpergasse 56, A-1060 Vienna, Austria

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    1. Kakes, Jan, 1998. "Monetary transmission and bank lending in the Netherlands," Research Report 98C30, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
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    4. Ramey, Valerie, 1993. "How important is the credit channel in the transmission of monetary policy?," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 1-45, December.
    5. Frederic S. Mishkin, 1995. "Symposium on the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 3-10, Fall.
    6. Toru Konishi & Valerie A. Ramey & Clive W.J. Granger, 1993. "Stochastic Trends and Short-Run Relationships Between Financial Variables and Real Activity," NBER Working Papers 4275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    9. Arturo Estrella & Frederic S. Mishkin, 1996. "Is There a Role for Monetary Aggregates in the Conduct of Monetary Policy?," NBER Working Papers 5845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    12. Jeremy C. Stein, 1995. "An Adverse Selection Model of Bank Asset and Liability Management with Implications for the Transmission of Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 5217, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Anil K Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein, 1997. "What Do a Million Banks Have to Say About the Transmission of Monetary Policy?," NBER Working Papers 6056, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    15. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
    16. Engle, Robert F. & Yoo, Byung Sam, 1987. "Forecasting and testing in co-integrated systems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 143-159, May.
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