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Currency Substitution and Financial Sector Developments in Cambodia

The tendency to substitute domestic for foreign currency (as a way of holding wealth and a means of transaction for goods and services) is common throughout the world, and particularly so in countries attempting to overcome thin financial institutions or errant monetary policy. This paper uses monthly data to analyze the phenomenon of currency substitution in Cambodia during the recent economic and financial reform process, 1993-2001. Results show that there is a significant long run relationship between the expected rate of depreciation in market exchange rates and holdings of US dollars. The implications of this result for macroeconomic policy and broader financial sector developments in Cambodia are also examined.

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File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/degrees/idec/working_papers/IDEC01-4.pdf
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Paper provided by International and Development Economics in its series International and Development Economics Working Papers with number idec01-4.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idc:wpaper:idec01-4
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  16. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1985. "Currency substitution and the real exchange rate: the utility maximization approach," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 175-188, June.
  17. Sturzenegger, Federico A, 1994. "Hyperinflation with Currency Substitution: Introducing an Indexed Currency," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 26(3), pages 377-95, August.
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  19. Guillermo Calvo & Carlos A. Végh Gramont, 1990. "Credibility and the Dynamics of Stabilization Policy; A Basic Framework," IMF Working Papers 90/110, International Monetary Fund.
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  22. Ortiz, Guillermo, 1983. "Currency Substitution in Mexico: The Dollarization Problem," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 15(2), pages 174-85, May.
  23. Canto, Victor A., 1985. "Monetary policy, `dollarization,' and parallel market exchange rates: The case of the Dominican Republic," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 507-521, December.
  24. Liliana Rojas-Suárez, 1992. "Currency Substitution and Inflation in Peru," IMF Working Papers 92/33, International Monetary Fund.
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