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Matriculación de minorías en universidades públicas de selectividad diversa, bajo distintos regímenes de admisión: El caso de Texas

  • Mariana Alfonso
  • Juan Carlos Calcagno
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    Este estudio describe cómo las probabilidades de matriculación de minorías cambian ante modificaciones enpolíticas de admisión (de acción afirmativa a sólo mérito y a planes de porcentajes) cuando la composición demográfica de los potencialesestudiantes tambiénestá cambiando. El estudio utiliza cambios en políticas de admisión que ocurrieron en Texas con las decisiones de Hopwood y HB588 y una base de datos administrativos que incluye postulantes yestudiantes admitidos y matriculados en tres universidades públicas de distinto nivel de selectividad. Los resultados sugieren que la eliminación de acción afirmativa y la introducción del programa Top 10% tuvo efectos diferenciales, que dependen del nivel de selectividad de la universidad, en las probabilidades de matriculación y de postulaciónde minorías. Específicamente, Hopwood se relaciona con movimientos de minorías desde universidades selectivas hacia menos selectivascomo lo anticipa la hipótesis de cascada. A pesar de que el programa Top 10% aparentemente ayudó a que la probabilidad de matriculación de minorías aumente en la universidad selectiva como lo predice la hipótesis de mejora, una vez que tenemos en cuenta losaumentos en la participación de minorías entre los graduados de secundaria encontramos que el programa Top 10% ya no puede ser relacionado a mejoras en la representación de minorías en universidades selectivas. (Disponible en Inglés)

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    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4543.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4543
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    1. Dominic J. Brewer & Eric Eide & Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 1996. "Does It Pay To Attend An Elite Private College? Cross Cohort Evidence on the Effects of College Quality on Earnings," NBER Working Papers 5613, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. David Card & Alan B. Krueger, 2005. "Would the elimination of affirmative action affect highly qualified minority applicants? Evidence from California and Texas," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 58(3), pages 416-434, April.
    3. Long, M.C.Mark C., 2004. "College applications and the effect of affirmative action," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 319-342.
    4. Dickson, Lisa M., 2006. "Does ending affirmative action in college admissions lower the percent of minority students applying to college?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 109-119, February.
    5. Arulampalam, W. & Robin A. Naylor & Jeremy P. Smith, 2002. "University of Warwick," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002 9, Royal Economic Society.
    6. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1995. "College Selectivity and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 289-308, April.
    7. Daniel, K. & Black, D. & Smith, J., 1997. "College Quality and the Wages of Young Men," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 9707, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
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