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Fallas de coordinación, conglomerados e intervenciones microeconómicas

  • Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se tratan las fallas de coordinación, su pertinencia para los países en desarrollo y las circunstancias en las que se producen; se propone que los conglomerados se pueden considerar como aglomeraciones de empresas y organizaciones en actividades económicas afines, entre las cuales es probable que se produzcan fallas de coordinación. En otras palabras, los conglomerados ofrecen oportunidades para intervenciones microeconómicas que promueven la coordinación y la acción colectiva para mejorar la productividad. En ese contexto, se presenta un modelo de una economía pequeña plagada de fallas de coordinación propias de actividades o conglomerados específicos, lo que demuestra que la política debería fomentar la cooperación en actividades en las cuales la economía ya muestre ventajas comparativas. En cuanto a la innovación, es probable que las políticas destinadas a aumentar la innovación en general sean inferiores a las políticas que asumen un enfoque más selectivo al tratar de inducir el desarrollo de conglomerados de innovación en áreas de ventaja comparativa. Este trabajo concluye con sugerencias sobre la manera en que las fallas de comprensión y de coordinación pueden formar la base de un conjunto de intervenciones microeconómicas eficaces en países de ingresos medios.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4432.

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Date of creation: Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4432
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  1. Sanjaya LALL, 2004. "Reinventing Industrial Strategy: The Role Of Government Policy In Building Industrial Competitiveness," G-24 Discussion Papers 28, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  2. Wacziarg, Romain & Imbs, Jean, 2000. "Stages of Diversification," Research Papers 1653, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  3. Rodrik, Dani, 1996. "Coordination failures and government policy: A model with applications to East Asia and Eastern Europe," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1-2), pages 1-22, February.
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  6. Rodriguez-Clare, Andres, 1996. "The division of labor and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 3-32, April.
  7. Marcus Noland & Howard Pack, 2003. "Industrial Policy in an Era of Globalization: Lessons from Asia," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 358.
  8. Acemoglu, Daron, 1997. "Training and Innovation in an Imperfect Labour Market," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(3), pages 445-64, July.
  9. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
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