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Desnutrición en Bolivia: la geografía y la cultura sí importan

  • Rolando Morales
  • Ana María Aguilar
  • Alvaro Calzadilla

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) La frecuencia de problemas de salud y de desnutrición en Bolivia es alarmantemente elevada, incluso comparada con la de otros países en desarrollo. En este estudio se analiza el vínculo entre una medida bidimensional de la salud infantil, compuesta por los puntajes z de estatura y peso, y un conjunto de factores determinantes de la nutrición infantil relacionados con los contextos físico y cultural, las características de la madre, los activos del hogar y el acceso a los servicios públicos. Se procura identificar los principales factores que determinan la salud del niño y cuantificar el efecto de cada uno de ellos en cuanto al indicador bidimensional. Se adopta una estrategia secuencial para poder calcular un modelo lineal de dos ecuaciones con términos de error correlacionado. Un hallazgo importante es que las variables geográficas y culturales son factores determinantes significativos del estado de nutrición, y que las características antropométricas de la madre desempeñan un papel considerable. Se emplean datos de una encuesta demográfica y de salud de más de 3. 000 niños.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 3186.

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Date of creation: Apr 2005
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3186
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