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Changing Forces of Gravity: How the Crisis Affected International Banking

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Abstract

The global financial crisis has brought to an end a rather unprecedented period of banks’ international expansion. We analyze the effects of the crisis on international banking. Using a detailed dataset on the international assets of all German banks with foreign affiliates for the years 2002-2011, we study bank internationalization before and during the crisis. Our data allow analyzing not only the international assets of the banks’ headquarters but also of their foreign affiliates. We show that banks have lowered their international assets, both along the extensive and the intensive margin. This withdrawal from foreign markets is the result of changing market conditions, of policy interventions, and of a weakly increasing sensitivity of banks to financial frictions.

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  • Claudia M. Buch & Katja Neugebauer & Christoph Schröder, 2013. "Changing Forces of Gravity: How the Crisis Affected International Banking," IAW Discussion Papers 100, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  • Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:100
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    Cited by:

    1. Jana Ohls & Marcus Pramor & Lena Tonzer, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Germany," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 129-162, March.
    2. Julia Merz & Michael Overesch & Georg Wamser, 2015. "Tax vs. Regulation Policy and the Location of Financial Sector FDI," CESifo Working Paper Series 5500, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. repec:chb:bcchni:v:20:y:2017:i:3:p:102-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Bouvatier, Vincent & Delatte, Anne-Laure, 2015. "Waves of international banking integration: A tale of regional differences," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 354-373.
    5. Caroline Mehigan, 2016. "Bilateral Adjustment of Bank Assets: Boom and Bust," Trinity Economics Papers tep0616, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    6. Torsten Ehlers & Philip D Wooldridge, 2015. "Channels and determinants of foreign bank lending," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Cross-border Financial Linkages: Challenges for Monetary Policy and Financial Stability, volume 82, pages 29-68 Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Mary Everett & Vahagn Galstyan, 2017. "Cross-Border Banking and Macroeconomic Determinants," Trinity Economics Papers tep0317, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    8. Yilmaz Akyüz, 2014. "Internationalization of Finance and Changing Vulnerabilities in Emerging and Developing Economies," UNCTAD Discussion Papers 217, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    9. Beck, Roland & Reinhardt, Dennis & Rebillard, Cyril & Ramos-Tallada, Julio & Peeters, Jolanda & Paternò, Francesco & Wörz, Julia & Beirne, John & Weissenseel, Lisa, 2015. "The side effects of national financial sector policies: framing the debate on financial protectionism," Occasional Paper Series 166, European Central Bank.
    10. Gulamhussen, Mohamed Azzim & Hennart, Jean-François & Pinheiro, Carlos Manuel, 2016. "What drives cross-border M&As in commercial banking?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 6-18.
    11. Merz, Julia & Overesch, Michael, 2016. "Profit shifting and tax response of multinational banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 57-68.
    12. Andrés Alegría & Kevin Cowan & Pablo García, 2017. "Spillovers and Relationships in Cross-Border Banking: The Case of Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 804, Central Bank of Chile.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International banking; gravity model; financial frictions;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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