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Working Conditions, Absence and Gender - a Multilevel Study


  • Bokenblom, Mattias

    () (Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics)

  • Ekblad, Kristin

    () (Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics)


In this paper we use data that combines employment records with employee survey responses to study to what extent psychosocial working conditions, measured at the work group level, relate to individual short-term and long-term sick leave. In order to take interdependencies of workers and work groups into consideration we use multilevel modeling as our modeling strategy. Our results suggest that in order to reduce the number of spells of short-term sick leave (shirking), employers should increase the worker’s job autonomy. This is particularly important for male workers. In addition, increasing work group cohesion is important in order to reduce the number of women being on long-term sick leave.

Suggested Citation

  • Bokenblom, Mattias & Ekblad, Kristin, 2010. "Working Conditions, Absence and Gender - a Multilevel Study," Working Papers 2010:10, Örebro University, School of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:oruesi:2010_010

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Böckerman, Petri & Ilmakunnas, Pekka, 2008. "Interaction of working conditions, job satisfaction, and sickness absences: Evidence from a representative sample of employees," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 520-528, August.
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    More about this item


    Working conditions; absence; gender;

    JEL classification:

    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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