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EU-wide income inequality in the era of the Great Recession


  • Peter Benczur

    (European Commission Joint Research Centre - Finance and Economy Unit B.01)

  • Zsombor Cseres-Gergely

    (European Commission Joint Research Centre - Finance and Economy Unit B.01)

  • Peter Harasztosi

    (European Commission Joint Research Centre - Finance and Economy Unit B.01)


This paper uses microdata to look at stylised facts of EU-wide income inequality during the 2006-2013 period. Our contribution is to bring together four elements of the analysis that has appeared only in separation so far. Our analysis is EU-wide, but regionally detailed, looks at the longeset possible term with harmonized survey data, uses inequality indicators sensitive to different parts of the income distribution and shows the contribution of income components to income inequality. Using this, we are able to show how the dynamics of inequality in Europe was shaped by changes on the periphery, in hours worked, in wages and in the structure of households.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Benczur & Zsombor Cseres-Gergely & Peter Harasztosi, 2017. "EU-wide income inequality in the era of the Great Recession," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1713, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:has:bworkp:1713

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    2. Andrea Brandolini & Alfonso Rosolia, 2019. "The Distribution of Well-Being among Europeans," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1052, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Esteban Sánchez-Moreno & Lorena P. Gallardo-Peralta, 2022. "Income inequalities, social support and depressive symptoms among older adults in Europe: a multilevel cross-sectional study," European Journal of Ageing, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 663-675, September.
    4. Kvedaras, Virmantas & Cseres-Gergely, Zsombor, 2021. "China’s WTO accession and income inequality in European regions: External pressure and internal adjustments," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 34-53.
    5. Carlos Vacas-Soriano & Enrique Fernández-Macías & Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo, 2020. "Recent trends in wage inequality from an EU perspective: a tale of two convergences," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 47(3), pages 523-542, August.
    6. Fragkos, Panagiotis & Fragkiadakis, Kostas & Sovacool, Benjamin & Paroussos, Leonidas & Vrontisi, Zoi & Charalampidis, Ioannis, 2021. "Equity implications of climate policy: Assessing the social and distributional impacts of emission reduction targets in the European Union," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 237(C).
    7. Colagrossi, Marco & Karagiannis, Stelios & Raab, Roman, 2019. "The Median Voter Takes it All: Preferences for Redistribution and Income Inequality in the EU-28," Working Papers 2019-06, Joint Research Centre, European Commission.
    8. Cseres-Gergely, Zsombor & Kvedaras, Virmantas, 2019. "Change and convergence of income distributions in the European Union during 2007-2014," Working Papers 2019-13, Joint Research Centre, European Commission.
    9. Michael Dauderstädt, 2020. "Einkommensungleichheit in der EU [Income Disparities in the European Union]," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 100(8), pages 628-632, August.
    10. Filauro, Stefano & Parolin, Zachary, 2018. "Income Inequality in the European Union & United States: A Comparative Decomposition," SocArXiv g4cd3, Center for Open Science.
    11. Kvedaras, Virmantas & Cseres-Gergely, Zsombor, 2020. "Convergence of income distributions: Total and inequality-affecting changes in the EU," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 188(C).

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    More about this item


    income inequality; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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