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The Roma/non-Roma Test Score Gap in Hungary

Author

Listed:
  • Gabor Kertesi

    (Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

  • Gabor Kezdi

    (Central European University, Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

This paper documents and decomposes the test score gap between Roma and non-Roma 8th graders in Hungary in 2006. Our data connect national standardized test scores to an individual panel survey with detailed data on ethnicity and family background. The test score gap is approximately one standard deviation for both reading and mathematics, which is similar to the gap between African-American and White students of the same age group in the U.S. in the 1980s. After accounting for on health, parenting, school fixed effects and family background, the gap disappears in reading and drops to 0.15 standard deviation in mathematics. Health, parenting and schools explain most of the gap, but ethnic differences in those are almost entirely accounted for by differences in parental education and income.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2010. "The Roma/non-Roma Test Score Gap in Hungary," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1010, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:has:bworkp:1010
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    Cited by:

    1. Ágnes Lukács J. & Beáta Dávid, 2019. "Roma Undergraduates’ Personal Network in the Process of College Transition. A Social Capital Approach," Research in Higher Education, Springer;Association for Institutional Research, vol. 60(1), pages 64-82, February.
    2. Pawel Bukowski, 2015. "What Determines The Long-Run Persistence of the Empires? The Effect of the Partition of Poland on Education," CEU Working Papers 2015_3, Department of Economics, Central European University.
    3. Battaglia, Marianna & Lebedinski, Lara, 2015. "Equal Access to Education: An Evaluation of the Roma Teaching Assistant Program in Serbia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 62-81.
    4. László Lőrincz, 2015. "Inter-ethnic dating preferences of Roma and non-Roma secondary school students," CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS 1515, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    5. Anna Adamecz-Völgyi & Ágota Scharle, 2020. "Books or babies? The incapacitation effect of schooling on minority women," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 33(4), pages 1219-1261, October.
    6. Laetitia Duval & François-Charles Wolff, 2016. "Emigration intentions of Roma: evidence from Central and South-East Europe," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 87-107, January.
    7. Adamecz, Anna, 2023. "Longer schooling with grade retention: The effects of increasing the school leaving age on dropping out and labour market success," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 97(C).
    8. Szabó-Morvai, Ágnes & Kiss, Hubert János, 2022. "Különböznek-e a roma és nem roma diákok nem kognitív képességeikben? [Do Roma and non-Roma students differ in their non-cognitive abilities?]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1433-1456.
    9. Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2013. "School segregation, school choice and educational policies in 100 Hungarian towns," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1312, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    10. Horn, Dániel & Lindner, Attila, 2022. "Kézdi Gábor (1971-2021) [Gábor Kézdi (1971-2021)]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1245-1254.
    11. Szilvia Altwicker-Hámori & János Köllő, 2013. "Hungary: Public sector labour market from crisis to crisis," Chapters, in: Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead (ed.), Public Sector Shock, chapter 8, pages 300-336, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Martin Kahanec, 2014. "Roma integration in European labor markets," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 1-39, May.
    13. Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska, 2014. "Intersectionality of ethnicity and gender: exploring Romani women’s performance in education," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 36.
    14. O'Higgins, Niall & Brüggemann, Christian, 2013. "The Consequences of Cumulative Discrimination: How Special Schooling Influences Employment and Wages of Roma in the Czech Republic," IZA Discussion Papers 7668, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    15. Hermann, Zoltán & Horváth, Hedvig, 2022. "Tanári eredményesség és tanár-diák összepárosítás az általános iskolákban. Empirikus mintázatok három magyarországi tankerület adatai alapján [Teacher effectiveness and teacher-student matching in ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1377-1406.
    16. Stacy J. Kosko, 2012. "Educational Attainment and School-to-work Conversion of Roma in Romania: Adapting to Feasible Means or Ends?," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(3), pages 415-450, August.
    17. Schiltz, Fritz & Mazrekaj, Deni & Horn, Daniel & De Witte, Kristof, 2019. "Does it matter when your smartest peers leave your class? Evidence from Hungary," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 79-91.
    18. Kertesi, Gábor & Kézdi, Gábor, 2012. "A roma és nem roma tanulók teszteredményei közti különbségekről és e különbségek okairól [The Roma/non-Roma test-score gap in Hungarian education]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 798-853.
    19. Battaglia, Marianna & Lebedinski, Lara, 2022. "With a little help from my friends: Medium-Term effects of a remedial education program targeting Roma minority," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    20. Laetitia Duval & François-Charles Wolff & Martin Mckee & Bayard Roberts, 2016. "The Roma vaccination gap: Evidence from twelve countries in Central and South-East Europe," Post-Print hal-01385007, HAL.
    21. Fritz Schiltz & Chiara Masci & Tommaso Agasisti & Daniel Horn, 2017. "Using Machine Learning To Model Interaction Effects In Education: A Graphical Approach," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1704, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    22. Gábor Kertesi & Gábor Kézdi, 2016. "On the test score gap between Roma and non-Roma students in Hungary and its potential causes," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 24(1), pages 135-162, January.
    23. Hynsjö, Disa & Damon, Amy, 2016. "Bilingual education in Peru: Evidence on how Quechua-medium education affects indigenous children's academic achievement," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 116-132.
    24. Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2012. "Ethnic segregation between Hungarian schools: Long-run trends and geographic distribution," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1208, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    25. Laetitia Duval & François-­charles Wolff, 2015. "" I Even Met Happy Gypsies " : Life Satisfaction of Roma Youth in the Balkans," Working Papers hal-01219250, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    test score gap; Roma minority; Hungary;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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