Residential Mobility, Migration and Economic Incentives - the Case of Hungary in 1990-1999
Mobility in Hungary is a relatively infrequent phenomenon of which we have mostly aggregate-level information. I use settlement- and individual level data to show a more elaborate picture of the Hungarian population moving house across settlements and regions between 1990 and 1999. Along with giving an aggregate overview of mobility in the decade, characteristics of the mobile population is described. Using a simple economic model, I estimate the probabilities of moving house both from aggregate and individual data, and look at its response to economic incentives given by geographic differences in wages and unemployment. The findings show two main results. Firstly, the flow of people does follow wage and unemployment differences as expected, although exact parameter estimates vary in different models. Secondly, the findings show considerable heterogeneity on the individual level that prompts caution in extending results from simple local models to large distance or cross-border migration. Clear signs of the dominant change in mobility, a strong suburban development, is apparent that goes right against local labour market benefits.
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- Bentolila, Samuel, 1997.
"Sticky labor in Spanish regions,"
European Economic Review,
Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 591-598, April.
- Bentolila, S, 1996. "Sticky Labor in Spanish Regions," Papers 9616, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
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- Jackman, Richard & Savouri, Savvas, 1992. "Regional Migration in Britain: An Analysis of Gross Flows Using NHS Central Register Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(415), pages 1433-1450, November.
- Peter Mieszkowski & Edwin S. Mills, 1993. "The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 135-147, Summer. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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