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The performance of Islamic banks in the MENA region: Are specific risks a minor attribute?

Author

Listed:
  • Imène Berguiga
  • Philippe Adair

    () (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Nadia Zrelli
  • Ali Abdallah

Abstract

Islamic banks face specific risks related to Sharia-compliant contracts. We provide an exhaustive literature review addressing the methodological issues of the measurement of performance and document the main stylised facts regarding the performance of Islamic banks (IBs) in the MENA region. We investigate 53 IBs in 11 MENA countries over 2007-2014, first using cross-sectional analysis as of year 2013. A panel data model with instrumental variables estimates the impact of risks upon the returns on assets and equity of Islamic banks. Four salient results emerge: Sharia compliance exerts an ambiguous effect upon performance; Islamic specificity is a minor attribute according to the insignificant share of profit and loss sharing (PLS) contracts in total assets; there is no relationship between Sharia compliance and specific risk;. loan loss provisions do not restrict to specific risks (PLS), hedging all risks

Suggested Citation

  • Imène Berguiga & Philippe Adair & Nadia Zrelli & Ali Abdallah, 2017. "The performance of Islamic banks in the MENA region: Are specific risks a minor attribute?," Working Papers hal-01667412, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01667412
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-upec-upem.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01667412
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    performance; risks ; cross-section analysis; Islamic banks; MENA region; panel data econometrics;

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