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International Trade and Financial Integration : a Weighted Network Analysis


  • Giorgio Fagiolo

    (LEM - Laboratory of Economics and Management - Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies)

  • Javier Reyes

    (Department of Economics - Tilburg University [Netherlands])

  • Stefano Schiavo

    () (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)


In this paper we compare the degree and patterns of trade and financial integration exploiting network analysis. We start from a simple binary analysis and then move to a more appropriate weighted approach, presenting a detailed overview of international goods and financial markets integration, and compare their main characteristics. Moving from binary to weighted analysis changes considerably the properties of the networks, and with them the picture of the integration process. Limiting to a binary approach can thus lead to a misrepresentation of the underlying economic phenomena. We find that the trade network is almost fully connected while international financial integration is less pervasive. Also, regional links continue to play a relevant role.

Suggested Citation

  • Giorgio Fagiolo & Javier Reyes & Stefano Schiavo, 2007. "International Trade and Financial Integration : a Weighted Network Analysis," Working Papers hal-00973118, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00973118
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Portes, Richard & Rey, Helene, 2005. "The determinants of cross-border equity flows," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 269-296, March.
    2. Lawrence Goldberg & James Lothian & John Okunev, 2003. "Has International Financial Integration Increased?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 299-317, July.
    3. Li, Xiang & Ying Jin, Yu & Chen, Guanrong, 2003. "Complexity and synchronization of the World trade Web," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 328(1), pages 287-296.
    4. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R., 2003. "Emerging markets finance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(1-2), pages 3-56, February.
    5. Raja Kali & Javier Reyes, 2010. "Financial Contagion On The International Trade Network," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 48(4), pages 1072-1101, October.
    6. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2006:i:34:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Raja Kali & Javier Reyes, 2007. "The architecture of globalization: a network approach to international economic integration," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 38(4), pages 595-620, July.
    8. Garlaschelli, Diego & Loffredo, Maria I., 2005. "Structure and evolution of the world trade network," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 355(1), pages 138-144.
    9. D. Garlaschelli & M. I. Loffredo, 2004. "Fitness-dependent topological properties of the World Trade Web," Papers cond-mat/0403051,, revised Oct 2004.
    10. D. Garlaschelli & M. I. Loffredo, 2005. "Structure and Evolution of the World Trade Network," Papers physics/0502066,, revised May 2005.
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    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets


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