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Productivity, relationship-specific inputs and the sourcing modes of multinationals

Author

Listed:
  • Fabrice Defever

    () (School of Economics, University of Nottingham - UON - University of Nottingham, UK)

  • Farid Toubal

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

We investigate the roles of productivity and the specificity of inputs for the international sourcing strategy of firms which are part of a multinational network. We present a framework in which firms decide to import from a foreign independent supplier or from their related party abroad according to these two dimensions. We use a detailed survey that provides a detailed geographical breakdown of French firms' imports at the product level as well as the sourcing mode used for each transaction. The dataset also provides information to estimate the firms' productivity and their intensity in relationship-specific inputs. After controlling for countries of origin, products and sectors specific effects, the empirical results provide evidence that for the most productive multinationals the likelihood of trading through an independent supplier is higher especially if they use relationship-specific inputs intensively.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrice Defever & Farid Toubal, 2013. "Productivity, relationship-specific inputs and the sourcing modes of multinationals," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" hal-00860203, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00860203
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2012.11.006
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00860203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Productivity; Incomplete contracts; Intra-group trade; Outsourcing;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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