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The fall of the elephant. Two decades of poverty increase in Côte d’Ivoire (1988 - 2008)

Author

Listed:
  • Denis Cogneau

    (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD))

  • Kenneth Houngbedji

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

At the end of 1980s, Côte d’Ivoire entered a deep macroeconomic crisis that put an end to the often praised "Ivorian miracle". After the death of the founding father Houphouët-Boigny, unrestrained political competition added to bad economic conditions and led to the nightmare of civil war. Drawing from a series of five household surveys covering two decades (1988-2008), we tell the story of this descent into hell from the standpoint of poverty and living standards. In 2008, after five years of civil war and another episode yet to come (2010-11), extreme 1.25 USD poverty headcount had reached a historical record in poverty, with northern areas deeply impoverished by the partition

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Cogneau & Kenneth Houngbedji & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2013. "The fall of the elephant. Two decades of poverty increase in Côte d’Ivoire (1988 - 2008)," Post-Print hal-01517394, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01517394
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01517394
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Welfare; Côte d’Ivoire; Economic history; Poverty;

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