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La 'contre-performance' de l'Europe continentale. Le lien entre institutions , dynamisme et prospérité économique

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  • Edmund S Phelps

    (Center on Capitalism and Society - Columbia University [New York])

Abstract

Alors que les économies de l'Europe continentale ne laissent pas de décevoir depuis deux décennies, il paraît nécessaire -- et il s'avère fécond -- de convoquer une " hypothèse institutionnelle " pour éclairer cet échec. Celle-ci s'articule autour de l'idée que c'est dans le défaut ou l'empêchement d'institutions économiques susceptibles d'engendrer un véritable " dynamisme " qu'il convient de rechercher la cause de la contre-performance du continent ouest-européen. Après s'être attaché à définir précisément l'idée de " performance économique " et le concept de " dynamisme ", cet article détaille, dans cette perspective analytique, les spécificités institutionnelles respectives des systèmes corporatiste et capitaliste, en s'appuyant sur les apports successifs des différents courants théoriques qui se sont attachés à leur caractérisation et en insistant sur l'enjeu capital de l'accueil qu'ils font respectivement aux processus d'innovation. Il propose enfin une première série d'évaluations empiriques de la thèse qu'il avance, qui, bien qu'encore embryonnaires, se révèlent concluantes.

Suggested Citation

  • Edmund S Phelps, 2005. "La 'contre-performance' de l'Europe continentale. Le lien entre institutions , dynamisme et prospérité économique," Post-Print hal-01020585, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01020585
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01020585
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. E. S. Phelps, 1966. "Models of Technical Progress and the Golden Rule of Research," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 133-145.
    2. Jean-Paul Fitoussi & David Jestaz & Edmund S. Phelps & Gylfi Zoega, 2000. "Roots of the Recent Recoveries: Labor Reforms or Private Sector Forces?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 31(1), pages 237-311.
    3. Phelps, Edmund S & Zoega, Gylfi, 1998. "Natural-Rate Theory and OECD Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(448), pages 782-801, May.
    4. Roe, Mark J, 2002. "Corporate Law's Limits," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(2), pages 233-271, June.
    5. Martin Neil Baily & Robert M. Solow, 2001. "International Productivity Comparisons Built from the Firm Level," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 151-172, Summer.
    6. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen, 1986. "Unemployment in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(210(S)), pages 121-169, Supplemen.
    7. David H. Papell & Christian J. Murray & Hala Ghiblawi, 2000. "The Structure of Unemployment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(2), pages 309-315, May.
    8. Dean Baker & Andrew Glyn & David Howell & John Schmitt, 2002. "Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment: A Critical Assessment of the Cross-Country Evidence," SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. 2002-17, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    9. Giersch, Herbert, 1988. "Openness and prosperity," Kiel Working Papers 343, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5571 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hoon, Hian Teck & Phelps, Edmund S., 1997. "Growth, wealth and the natural rate: Is Europe's jobs crisis a growth crisis?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 549-557, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Europe; performances économiques européennes;

    JEL classification:

    • N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N24 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • P17 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Performance and Prospects
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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