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La 'contre-performance' de l'Europe continentale. Le lien entre institutions , dynamisme et prospérité économique

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  • Edmund S Phelps

    (Center on Capitalism and Society - Columbia University [New York])

Abstract

Alors que les économies de l'Europe continentale ne laissent pas de décevoir depuis deux décennies, il paraît nécessaire -- et il s'avère fécond -- de convoquer une " hypothèse institutionnelle " pour éclairer cet échec. Celle-ci s'articule autour de l'idée que c'est dans le défaut ou l'empêchement d'institutions économiques susceptibles d'engendrer un véritable " dynamisme " qu'il convient de rechercher la cause de la contre-performance du continent ouest-européen. Après s'être attaché à définir précisément l'idée de " performance économique " et le concept de " dynamisme ", cet article détaille, dans cette perspective analytique, les spécificités institutionnelles respectives des systèmes corporatiste et capitaliste, en s'appuyant sur les apports successifs des différents courants théoriques qui se sont attachés à leur caractérisation et en insistant sur l'enjeu capital de l'accueil qu'ils font respectivement aux processus d'innovation. Il propose enfin une première série d'évaluations empiriques de la thèse qu'il avance, qui, bien qu'encore embryonnaires, se révèlent concluantes.

Suggested Citation

  • Edmund S Phelps, 2005. "La 'contre-performance' de l'Europe continentale. Le lien entre institutions , dynamisme et prospérité économique," Post-Print hal-01020585, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01020585
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01020585
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Europe; performances économiques européennes;

    JEL classification:

    • N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N24 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • P17 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Performance and Prospects
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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