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Fragmentation and immiserising specialisation : the case of the textile and clothing sector

  • Céline Gimet


    (UMR CNRS 5824 GATE Lyon-Saint-Etienne,93, chemin des Mouilles B.P. 167 69131 Ecully, France)

  • Bernard Guilhon


    (DEFI EA 4265, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of the Mediterranean, Château Lafarge, route des Milles, 13290 Aix-en-Provence)

  • Nathalie Roux


    (DEFI EA 4265, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of the Mediterranean, Château Lafarge, route des Milles, 13290 Aix-en-Provence)

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    With production activity tending rapidly towards international fragmentation, this study examines the consequences for labour countries of the forms of specialisation brought about by fragmentation processes. It further addresses the risk that fragmented sectors may become excluded from greater developments within the manufacturing industry as a whole. An empirical analysis using panel data reveals that, contrary to expectation, the textile and clothing sector in labour countries does not always reap the positive benefits of this form of international trade integration. Rather, we observe a phenomenon of immiserising specialisation, due to a drop in relative wages within this sector.

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    Paper provided by Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure in its series Working Papers with number 1003.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1003
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 93, chemin des Mouilles - B.P.167 69131 - Ecully cedex
    Phone: 33(0)472 29 30 89
    Fax: 33(0)47229 30 90
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    1. repec:tpr:qjecon:v:121:y:2006:i:1:p:31-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Pol Antràs & Luis Garicano & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2005. "Offshoring in a Knowledge Economy," NBER Working Papers 11094, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Timothy Sturgeon & Johannes Van Biesebroeck & Gary Gereffi, 2008. "Value chains, networks and clusters: reframing the global automotive industry," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(3), pages 297-321, May.
    4. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Deniz Ünal, 1995. "Régionalisation et échanges de biens intermédiaires," Working Papers 1995-11, CEPII research center.
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