Structural Change and the Service Sector in Brazil
A key question with a long tradition in development economics is which patterns of structural change are more conducive for economic growth and convergence in the international economy. Although some studies show that industry has been loosing ground in the Brazilian economy (both in terms of employment and value added), there are few studies discussing how this process affects the performance of the Brazilian economy. Evidence regarding the quality of the jobs created in other sectors is yet scarce. Both topics are addressed in this paper. It is suggested that that the Brazilian deindustrialization process is not a virtuous one, i.e. it is not the result of a dynamic response to long run trends in technology and demand. On the contrary, most jobs are generated in low-productivity activities in the service sector.
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