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Heterogeneidad estructural, asimetrías tecnológicas y crecimiento en América Latina
[Structural heterogeneity, technological asymmetries and growth in Latin America]

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  • Mario, Cimoli

Abstract

The book structural Heterogeneity, technological asymmetries and growth in Latin America permitted the publication of five guided studies to describe and examining principal mechanisms that explain the patterns of structural change at the region, origins of structural heterogeneity and the relation that exists among the same ones and the economic growth. The first study analyzes the changes in the structure of job and also evidences that the problems of heterogeneity tend to get worse in the region and moreover, they derive of weakness of the weight of the technologically-more-dynamic sectors in the productive structure and in the vector exporter. In second study is presented as referential framework a North-South ricardian model of international commerce, enriched for the contributions of ECLAC and schumpeterian literature. Here, it is analyzed in detail the sources of increase of labor productivity in the industry of the region during the last 30 years and it is demonstrated than even though there are important differences among countries, productivity gains are explained principally by the ones that occur at the same level in each sector, and no for the relocation of the labor force from sectors of low productivity toward the ones with higher productivity. For that reason, heterogeneity does not tend to disappear in the long term. The third study measures the productive heterogeneity in Brazil starting from the dispersion of levels of productivity, among sectors and within each sector. A descriptive analysis at sectorial level is performed, and it is proposed a typology whereon sectors are classified as: leaders, stagnant, rasing or falling-behind; according to their respective performances in terms of the level and of rate of variation of productivity of work. With the help of a conventional technique called "shift and share", it is examined the contributions of the direct, composition and adaptation effects, to the variation of productivity. The fourth study retakes and develops the concept of heterogeneity for the Mexican case. Productive activities are defined according to two distinct sectorial patterns. The first is the global productive activities, which are associated to the specific tariff regimes of the maquila sector (IME ) and to the program of temporary importations to produce goods destined to the exporting (PITEX ). The fifth study analyzes how the interaction among the dynamic macro, the patterns of commerce and the structural transformation explain the process of development in Costa Rica. It is focused on the effects of foreign direct investments ( IED ), evaluating the capability to activate the national learning systems and innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario, Cimoli, 2005. "Heterogeneidad estructural, asimetrías tecnológicas y crecimiento en América Latina
    [Structural heterogeneity, technological asymmetries and growth in Latin America]
    ," MPRA Paper 3832, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:3832
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/3832/1/MPRA_paper_3832.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    1. Dutrénit, gabriela & Capdevielle, Mario & Corona, Juan Manuel & Puchet, Martin & Santiago, Fernando & Vera-Cruz, Alexandre, 2010. "El sistema nacional de innovación mexicano: estructuras, políticas, desempeño y desafíos
      [The Mexican national innovation system: structures, policies, performance and challenges]
      ," MPRA Paper 31982, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Avellar, Ana Paula & Kupfer, David, 2011. "Innovation and cooperation: evidence from the Brazilian innovation survey," Documentos de Proyectos 3900, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Calero, Analía V. & Sorokin, Isidoro, 2013. "Condiciones de trabajo y calidad del empleo en la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Análisis de los determinantes de los puestos de trabajo con bajas remuneraciones en el período 2003 – 2011
      [Working cond
      ," MPRA Paper 51153, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Cimoli, Mario & Primi, Annalisa & Rovira, Sebastián, 2011. "National innovation surveys in latin America: empirical evidence and policy implications," Documentos de Proyectos 3897, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Mario Cimoli & Marcio Holland & Gabriel Porcile & Annalisa Primi & Sebastiàn Vergara, 2006. "Growth, Structural Change and Technological Capabilities. Latin America in a Comparative Perspective," LEM Papers Series 2006/11, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    6. Faundez, Sebastian & Mulder, Nanno & Carpentier, Nicole, 2011. "Productivity growth in Latin American manufacturing: what role for international trade intensities?," MPRA Paper 36507, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Marcio José Vargas da Cruz & Gabriel Porcile & Luciano Nakabashi & Fábio Dória Scatolin, 2008. "Structural Change and the Service Sector in Brazil," Working Papers 0075, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
    8. Mario Cimoli & Giovanni Dosi & Richard Nelson & Joseph Stiglitz, 2007. "Policies and Institutional Engineering in Developing Economies," Globelics Working Paper Series 2007-04, Globelics - Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems, Aalborg University, Department of Business and Management.
    9. Bianchi, Carlos & Gras, Natalia & Sutz, Judith, 2011. "Make, buy and and cooperate in innovation: evidence from Uruguayan manufacturing surveys and other innovation studies," Documentos de Proyectos 3903, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    10. Lavopa, Alejandro, 2011. "The impact of sectoral heterogeneities in economic growth and catching up: Empirical evidence for Latin American manufacturing industries," MERIT Working Papers 075, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    11. Primi, Annalisa & Rovira, Sebastián, 2011. "Innovation and cooperation in Latin America: evidence from national innovations surveys in a comparative perspective," Documentos de Proyectos 3904, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    12. Contreras, Carmen & Benavente H., José Miguel, 2011. "Cooperation partnerships in manufacturing: evidence from Chile," Documentos de Proyectos 3898, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    13. Caterina Santi & Pietro Santoleri, 2017. "Exploring the link between innovation and growth in Chilean firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 445-467, August.
    14. Garrido, Celso & Padilla, Ramón, 2011. "Cooperation for innovation in the manufacturing industry in Mexico," Documentos de Proyectos 3901, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    15. -, 2011. "National innovation surveys in Latin America: empirical evidence and policy implications," Documentos de Proyectos 408, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    16. Marcos Tostes Lamonica & Carmem Aparecida Feijo, 2013. "A Kaldorian approach to catch up and structural change in economies with high degree of heterogeneity," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 66(265), pages 107-135.
    17. Henry Willebald & Marc Badia-Miró & Vicente Pinilla, 2015. "Natural Resources and Economic Development. Some lessons from History," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1504, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica.
    18. Arza, Valeria & López, Andrés, 2011. "The determinants of firms' distant collaboration. Evidence from Argentina, 1998-2001," Documentos de Proyectos 3902, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    19. Rivas, Diego & Abeles, Martín, 2011. "Growth versus development: different patterns of industrial growth in Latin America during the 'boom' years," Documentos de Proyectos 435, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    20. Analia Erbes & Veronica Robert & Gabriel Yoguel, 2010. "Capacities, innovation and feedbacks in production networks in Argentina," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(8), pages 719-741.
    21. Mariano Beltrani & Juan Cuattromo, 2012. "Redefining Monetary Policy Limits: Towards an Expansion of its Role in Economic Development," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(67), pages 121-168, December.
    22. Carmem Feijo & Marcos Tostes Lamonica & Jose Luis Oreiro, 2011. "A Model Of Capital Accumulation Withexternal Restriction And Structural Change: Theory And The Brazilianexperience," Anais do XXXVIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 38th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 013, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Heterogeneity; technological asymmetries; growth and Latin America;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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