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Fatores de Oferta e Demanda na Qualificação dos Trabalhadores Brasileiros

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael Camargo de Pauli

    ()

  • Luciano Nakabashi

    () (Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

  • Armando Vaz Sampaio

    () (Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná)

Abstract

In the present article, we attempt to identify the sources of the changes in the labor schooling level in the three main sectors of the Brazilian economy: manufacturing, services and agriculture; based on the theoretical perspective of the three sectors hypothesis. It was verified that, despite the changes in the product and employment among sectors, mainly in the 90s, the relative demands for qualified workers has not experimented significant changes. Moreover, in the periods in which schooling has increased more, the workers’ wage has decreased more. This fact suggests that the increase in labor qualification was mainly due to the increase of this factor supply. The structural changes had contributed, in general, in a marginal and negative way to labor force level of qualification demand in all the three sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Camargo de Pauli & Luciano Nakabashi & Armando Vaz Sampaio, 2010. "Fatores de Oferta e Demanda na Qualificação dos Trabalhadores Brasileiros," Working Papers 0100, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:fup:wpaper:0100
    Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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    File URL: http://www.economiaetecnologia.ufpr.br/textos_discussao/texto_para_discussao_ano_2010_texto_03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fagerberg, Jan, 2000. "Technological progress, structural change and productivity growth: a comparative study," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 393-411, December.
    2. Piyabha Kongsamut & Sergio Rebelo & Danyang Xie, 2001. "Beyond Balanced Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 869-882.
    3. Schettkat, Ronald & Yocarini, Lara, 2003. "The Shift to Services: A Review of the Literature," IZA Discussion Papers 964, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Allan G. B. Fisher, 1939. "Production, Primary, Secondary And Tertiary," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 15(1), pages 24-38, June.
    5. Kuznets, Simon, 1973. "Modern Economic Growth: Findings and Reflections," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 247-258, June.
    6. Sasaki, Hiroaki, 2007. "The rise of service employment and its impact on aggregate productivity growth," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 438-459, December.
    7. Marcio José Vargas da Cruz & Gabriel Porcile & Luciano Nakabashi & Fábio Dória Scatolin, 2008. "Structural Change and the Service Sector in Brazil," Working Papers 0075, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor schooling; structural changes; demand for qualified labor; supply of qualified labor.;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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