Fatores de Oferta e Demanda na Qualificação dos Trabalhadores Brasileiros
In the present article, we attempt to identify the sources of the changes in the labor schooling level in the three main sectors of the Brazilian economy: manufacturing, services and agriculture; based on the theoretical perspective of the three sectors hypothesis. It was verified that, despite the changes in the product and employment among sectors, mainly in the 90s, the relative demands for qualified workers has not experimented significant changes. Moreover, in the periods in which schooling has increased more, the workers’ wage has decreased more. This fact suggests that the increase in labor qualification was mainly due to the increase of this factor supply. The structural changes had contributed, in general, in a marginal and negative way to labor force level of qualification demand in all the three sectors.
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