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Cultivated Capital: Agriculture, Food Systems and Sustainable Development

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  • Patrick Webb

Abstract

Cultivated capital lies at the heart of concerns about sustainable development for 3 reasons: First, sustaining agricultural productivity is essential to meeting the world’s still growing demand for food. Without adequate food consumption, nutrition and labour productivity are impaired, which in turn limits the pace of economic growth and poverty alleviation. Second, removing poverty requires income growth among the rural poor, many of whom continue to rely on agriculture-based economic systems which generate not just food but also income, fuel, employment, services, and demand for non-food inputs. Third, removing rural food insecurity is a prerequisite to sustaining natural ecosystems since it is the poor who are forced to over-exploit local resources to survive today, thereby compromising their chances of survival in the longer-term. This paper explores interactions among ecology, agriculture and food security with a focus on least developed countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Webb, 2002. "Cultivated Capital: Agriculture, Food Systems and Sustainable Development," Working Papers in Food Policy and Nutrition 15, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:fsn:wpaper:15
    as

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    File URL: http://www.nutrition.tufts.edu/documents/fpan/wp15-cultivated_capital.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. David Barkin, 2005. "Wealth, Poverty and Sustainable Development," Development and Comp Systems 0506003, EconWPA.
    2. Rosegrant, Mark W. & Paisner, Michael S. & Meijer, Siet & Witcover, Julie, 2001. "2020 Global food outlook," Food policy reports 30, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Freebairn, Donald K., 1995. "Did the Green Revolution Concentrate Incomes? A Quantitative Study of Research Reports," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 265-279, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • N5 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development

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