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A dynamic model of unsecured credit

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  • Daniel R. Sanches

Abstract

The author studies the terms of credit in a competitive market in which sellers (lenders) are willing to repeatedly finance the purchases of buyers (borrowers) by engaging in a credit relationship. The key frictions are: (i) the lender is unable to observe the borrower's ability to repay a loan; (ii) the borrower cannot commit to any long-term contract; (iii) it is costly for the lender to contact a borrower and to walk away from a contract; and (iv) transactions within each credit relationship are not publicly observable. The lender's optimal contract has two key properties: delayed settlement and debt forgiveness. Asymmetric information gives rise to the property of delayed settlement, which is a contingency in which the lender allows the borrower to defer the repayment of his loan in exchange for more favorable terms of credit within the relationship. This property, together with the borrowers' lack of commitment, gives rise to debt forgiveness. When the borrower's participation constraint binds, the lender needs to "forgive" part of the borrower's debt to keep him in the relationship. Finally, the author studies the impact of the changes in the initial cost of lending on the terms of credit.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel R. Sanches, 2010. "A dynamic model of unsecured credit," Working Papers 11-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:11-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:wly:iecrev:v:59:y:2018:i:3:p:1621-1651 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jonathan Chiu & Mei Dong & Enchuan Shao, 2018. "On The Welfare Effects Of Credit Arrangements," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 59(3), pages 1621-1651, August.
    3. Mohammed Ait Lahcen & Pedro Gomis-Porqueras, 2018. "A model of endogenous financial inclusion: implications for inequality and monetary policy," ECON - Working Papers 310, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Jul 2019.
    4. Alin OPREANA & Simona VINEREAN, 2015. "Analysis of the Economic Research Context after the Outbreak of the Economic Crisis of 2007-2009," Expert Journal of Economics, Sprint Investify, vol. 3(1), pages 77-92.

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    Keywords

    Credit ; Contracts;

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