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Estimates of Cost-Price Passthrough from Business Survey Data

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Abstract

We examine businesses’ price-setting practices via open-ended interviews and in a quantitative survey module with business contacts from the Federal Reserve Banks of Atlanta, Cleveland, and New York in December 2022 and January 2023. Businesses indicated that their prices were strongly influenced by demand, a desire to maintain steady profit margins, and wages and labor costs. Survey respondents expected reduced growth in costs and prices of about 5 percent on average over the next year. Backward-looking, forward-looking, and hypothetical scenarios reveal average cost-price passthrough of around 60 percent, with meaningful heterogeneity across firms.

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  • Wandi Bruine de Bruin & Keshav Dogra & Sebastian Heise & Edward S. Knotek & Brent Meyer & Robert W. Rich & Raphael Schoenle & Giorgio Topa & Wilbert Van der Klaauw, 2023. "Estimates of Cost-Price Passthrough from Business Survey Data," Staff Reports 1062, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:96321
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    1. Armantier, Olivier & Sbordone, Argia & Topa, Giorgio & van der Klaauw, Wilbert & Williams, John C., 2022. "A new approach to assess inflation expectations anchoring using strategic surveys," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(S), pages 82-101.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    prices; Business Survey; Hypothetical Questions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior

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