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Price setting behaviour in the Netherlands: results of a survey

Author

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  • Marco Hoeberichts
  • Ad Stokman

    (De Nederlandsche Bank, Economics and Research Division, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

Abstract

Using a survey among Dutch firms on price setting behaviour in the Netherlands the study identifies how sticky prices are, which prices are sticky and why they are sticky. The most distinctive feature of the Dutch survey is its broad coverage of the business community (seven sectors and seven size classes), including the service sector and small firms. Our primary finding is that price setting behaviour depends critically on both a firm's size and the competitive environment it faces. Small firms in particular adopt more rigid pricing policies, and the weaker the competition a firm faces, the stickier a company's price will be. Furthermore, we find that wholesale and retail prices are more flexible than those for business-to-business services. The survey suggests that explicit and informal contracting are the most important sources of price stickiness. Menu costs and psychological pricing-two prominent explanations of price stickiness in the literature-are of minor importance. Finally, there is clear evidence of asymmetries in shocks driving price increases and decreases. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Hoeberichts & Ad Stokman, 2010. "Price setting behaviour in the Netherlands: results of a survey," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(2-3), pages 135-149.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:mgtdec:v:31:y:2010:i:2-3:p:135-149
    DOI: 10.1002/mde.1478
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ercan KARADAŞ & Defne MUTLUER & Yasemin BARLAS ÖZER & Cevriye AYSOY, 2008. "Türkiye’de imalat sanayindeki firmaların fiyatlama davranışı," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 23(268), pages 7-34.
    2. Fernando E. Alvarez & Francesco Lippi & Luigi Paciello, 2011. "Optimal Price Setting With Observation and Menu Costs," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(4), pages 1909-1960.
    3. van der Cruijsen, Carin A.B. & Eijffinger, Sylvester C.W. & Hoogduin, Lex H., 2010. "Optimal central bank transparency," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1482-1507, December.
    4. Eijffinger, Sylvester C W & Grajales, Anderson & Uras, Rasim Burak, 2015. "Heterogeneity in Wage Setting Behavior in a New-Keynesian Model," CEPR Discussion Papers 10532, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Andreja Pufnik & Davor Kunovac, 2013. "Pricing behaviour of Croatian Companies: results of a Firm survey and a Comparison with the eurozone," Working Papers 36, The Croatian National Bank, Croatia.
    6. Ahrens, Steffen & Pirschel, Inske & Snower, Dennis J., 2017. "A theory of price adjustment under loss aversion," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 78-95.
    7. Watson, Anna, 2016. "Trade openness and inflation: The role of real and nominal price rigidities," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 137-169.
    8. Silvia Fabiani & Martine Druant & Ignacio Hernando & Claudia Kwapil & Bettina Landau & Claire Loupias & Fernando Martins & Thomas Mathä & Roberto Sabbatini & Harald Stahl & Ad Stokman, 2006. "What Firms' Surveys Tell Us about Price-Setting Behavior in the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 2(3), September.
    9. Claudia Kwapil & Johann Scharler & Josef Baumgartner, 2007. "Price-setting behavior of Austrian firms," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 34(5), pages 491-505, December.
    10. Anna Watson, 2010. "The Impact of Trade Integration and Competition on Real and Nominal Price Rigidities: Insights from a New-Keynesian DSGE Model," DEGIT Conference Papers c015_061, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    11. Sabien Dobbelaere & Mark Vancauteren, 2014. "Market imperfections, skills and total factor productivity : Firm-level evidence on Belgium and the Netherlands," Working Paper Research 267, National Bank of Belgium.
    12. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Rebecca Hellerstein, 2009. "How rigid are producer prices?," Staff Reports 407, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    13. Jonker Nicole, 2011. "Card Acceptance and Surcharging: the Role of Costs and Competition," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-35, June.
    14. van der Cruijsen, C.A.B., 2008. "The economic impact of central bank transparency," Other publications TiSEM 86c1ba91-1952-45b4-adac-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    15. Heiner Mikosch, 2012. "Sticky Prices, Competition and the Phillips Curve," KOF Working papers 11-294, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    16. Saygın ŞAHİNÖZ & Bedr&idot;ye SARAÇOĞLU, 2008. "Price-Setting Behavior In Turkish Industries: Evidence From Survey Data," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 46(4), pages 363-385.
    17. Wasim Shahid Malik & Ahsan ul Haq Satti & Ghulam Saghir, 2008. "Price Setting Behaviour of Pakistani Firms: Evidence from Four Industrial Cities of Punjab," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 47(3), pages 247-266.
    18. repec:eee:advacc:v:30:y:2014:i:1:p:230-240 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:pri:cepsud:193goldberg is not listed on IDEAS
    20. S. Fabiani & M. Druant & I. Hernando & C. Kwapil & B. Landau & C. Loupias & F. Martins & T. Mathä & R. Sabbatini & H. Stahl & A. Stokman, 2005. "The pricing behaviour of firms in the euro area : new survey evidence," Working Paper Research 76, National Bank of Belgium.
    21. Adam Elbourne & Debby Lanser & Bert Smid & Martin Vromans, 2008. "Macroeconomic resilience in a DSGE model," CPB Discussion Paper 96, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    22. Heiner Mikosch, 2012. "Sticky Prices, Competition and the Phillips Curve," KOF Working papers 12-294, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    23. Dnb, 2011. "DELFI : DNB's Macroeconomic Policy Model of the Netherlands," DNB Occasional Studies 901, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General

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