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Optimal inflation persistence: Ramsey taxation with capital and habits

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  • Sanjay K. Chugh

Abstract

Ramsey models of fiscal and monetary policy with perfectly-competitive product markets and a fixed supply of capital predict highly volatile inflation with no serial correlation. In this paper, we show that an otherwise-standard Ramsey model that incorporates capital accumulation and habit persistence predicts highly persistent inflation. The result depends on increases in either the ability to smooth consumption or the preference for doing so. The effect operates through the Fisher relationship: a smoother profile of consumption implies a more persistent real interest rate, which in turn implies persistent optimal inflation. Our work complements a recent strand of the Ramsey literature based on models with nominal rigidities. In these models, inflation volatility is lower but continues to exhibit very little persistence. We quantify the effects of habit and capital on inflation persistence and also relate our findings to recent work on optimal fiscal policy with incomplete markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanjay K. Chugh, 2005. "Optimal inflation persistence: Ramsey taxation with capital and habits," International Finance Discussion Papers 829, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:829
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Anthony Diercks, 2016. "The Equity Premium, Long-Run Risk, and Optimal Monetary Policy," 2016 Meeting Papers 207, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Sanjay K. Chugh & S. Boragan Aruoba, 2009. "Money and Optimal Capital Taxation," 2009 Meeting Papers 69, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. David M. Arseneau & Ryan Chahrour & Sanjay K. Chugh & Alan Finkelstein Shapiro, 2015. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Customer Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 47(4), pages 617-672, June.
    4. Arseneau, David M. & Chugh, Sanjay K., 2008. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy with costly wage bargaining," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1401-1414, November.
    5. Aruoba, S. Boragan & Chugh, Sanjay K., 2010. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy when money is essential," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(5), pages 1618-1647, September.
    6. repec:eee:joecas:v:15:y:2017:i:c:p:39-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Yongseung Jung, 2016. "Discretion versus Inflation Targeting in Economies with Relative Habit Persistenc Abstract: This paper sets up a canonical new Keynesian model with habit persistence in consumption. The paper estimate," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 32, pages 167-200.
    8. Talukdar Bidyut, 2014. "Organizational learning and optimal fiscal and monetary policy," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(1), pages 1-31, January.
    9. Diercks, Anthony M., 2015. "The Equity Premium, Long-Run Risk, & Optimal Monetary Policy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-87, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    10. Niemann, S & Pichler, P & Sorger, G, 2009. "Inflation dynamics under optimal discretionary fiscal and monetary policies," Economics Discussion Papers 2898, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    11. Niemann, S & Pichler, P & Sorger, G, 2008. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy Without Commitment," Economics Discussion Papers 2897, University of Essex, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation (Finance) ; Econometric models ; Monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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