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What drives the persistent competitiveness of small banks?

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  • William F. Bassett
  • Thomas F. Brady

Abstract

Several trends in the financial industry could have weakened the competitiveness of small banks in recent years. Despite those challenges, small banks have grown more rapidly than larger banks over the period from 1985 to 2001, and their profitability has been sustained at high levels. However, small banks have needed to increase the interest rates offered on deposit accounts in order to attract progressively more deposit funding. In this paper, we provide empirical evidence that this increased interest cost primarily reflects the high rate of return that small banks were able to earn on their assets. Moreover, we show with an arbitrage model that the decline in the real value of deposit insurance has only a small effect on deposit rates as long as bank failure rates are in the low range of recent years.

Suggested Citation

  • William F. Bassett & Thomas F. Brady, 2002. "What drives the persistent competitiveness of small banks?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2002-28, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2002-28
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jalal D. Akhavein & Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, 1996. "The Effects of Megamergers on Efficiency and Prices: Evidence from a Bank Profit Function," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 96-03, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    2. Black, Harold A & et al, 1997. "Changes in Market Perception of Riskiness: The Case of Too-Big-to-Fail," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 20(3), pages 389-406, Fall.
    3. O'Hara, Maureen & Shaw, Wayne, 1990. " Deposit Insurance and Wealth Effects: The Value of Being "Too Big to Fail."," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(5), pages 1587-1600, December.
    4. Demsetz, Rebecca S & Strahan, Philip E, 1997. "Diversification, Size, and Risk at Bank Holding Companies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(3), pages 300-313, August.
    5. Steven Pilloff & Stephen Rhoades, 2000. "Do Large, Diversified Banking Organizations Have Competitive Advantages?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 16(3), pages 287-302, May.
    6. James B. Thomson, 2001. "Who benefits from increasing the federal deposit insurance limit?," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Sep.
    7. Leonard I. Nakamura, 1994. "Small borrowers and the survival of the small bank: is mouse bank Mighty or Mickey?," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Nov, pages 3-15.
    8. Jalal D. Akhavein & Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, "undated". "The Effects of Megamergers on Efficiency and Prices: Evidence from a Bank Profit Function," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1997-09, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    Cited by:

    1. M. Girotti, 2016. "How Monetary Policy Changes Bank Liability Structure and Funding Cost," Working papers 590, Banque de France.
    2. Kwangwoo Park & George Pennacchi, 2009. "Harming Depositors and Helping Borrowers: The Disparate Impact of Bank Consolidation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(1), pages 1-40, January.
    3. Becker, Bo, 2007. "Geographical segmentation of US capital markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 151-178, July.
    4. Mulyaningsih, Tri & Daly, Anne & Miranti, Riyana, 2015. "Foreign participation and banking competition: Evidence from the Indonesian banking industry," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 70-82.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks and banking ; Bank mergers;

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