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Discrete Labor Supply: Empirical Evidence and Implications

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  • Kosonen, Tuomas
  • Matikka, Tuomas

Abstract

We provide novel evidence of discrete labor supply responses to tax incentives and study the broader implications of discrete rather than continuous labor supply. We utilize an income notch and a reform that shifted the location of the notch in order to study the labor supply mechanisms. We find transparent evidence of discrete labor supply responses, revealing that wage earners even in the part-time labor market can face significant restrictions in their available labor supply choices. As an implication of discrete labor supply, we show that the conventional differencesin-differences and bunching elasticity estimates can be downward-biased when labor supply is discrete.

Suggested Citation

  • Kosonen, Tuomas & Matikka, Tuomas, 2020. "Discrete Labor Supply: Empirical Evidence and Implications," Working Papers 132, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:wpaper:132
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    File URL: https://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/177392
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor supply; discrete choices; tax elasticity; Social security; taxation and inequality; Labour markets and education; H21; H24; J22;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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