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Macroeconomic Effects of Taxes on Banking


  • J. E. Boscá
  • R. Doménech
  • J. Ferri
  • J. Rubio-Ramirez


This paper evaluates the macroeconomic effects of taxes on banking in a small open economy in a currency union for three tax alternatives: an additional tax on profits, on deposits, and on loans. We propose a DSGE model with a rich detail of taxes and a banking sector and show that these three taxes are equivalent in their effects on macroeconomic variables. Banks react to higher taxes by increasing their markups and by transferring part of the fiscal cost to households and firms through higher interest rates on loans. The increase in government revenues comes at a cost of a long-run decrease of GDP, an increase in loans interest rates, and a reduction in the volume of credit, deposits and bank capital. Our simulation exercises show that the trade-off between government revenues and economic activity is well captured by a multiplier of GDP to ex post government revenue close to -0.9, which is virtually independent of the tax rate.

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  • J. E. Boscá & R. Doménech & J. Ferri & J. Rubio-Ramirez, 2019. "Macroeconomic Effects of Taxes on Banking," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2019-09, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaeee:eee2019-09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2003. "Closing small open economy models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 163-185, October.
    2. Boscá, J.E. & Doménech, R. & Ferri, J. & Méndez, R. & Rubio-Ramírez, J.F., 2020. "Financial and fiscal shocks in the great recession and recovery of the Spanish economy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 127(C).
    3. Michael Devereux & Niels Johannesen & John Vella, 2019. "Can Taxes Tame the Banks? Evidence from the European Bank Levies," The Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 129(624), pages 3058-3091.
    4. Albertazzi, Ugo & Gambacorta, Leonardo, 2010. "Bank profitability and taxation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(11), pages 2801-2810, November.
    5. Chiorazzo, Vincenzo & Milani, Carlo, 2011. "The impact of taxation on bank profits: Evidence from EU banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3202-3212.
    6. Jose Emilio Bosca & Rafael Domenech & Javier Ferri & Rodolfo Mendez-Marcano & Juan F. Rubio-Ramirez, 2018. "Perturbaciones financieras y fiscales en la crisis y recuperación de la economía española [Financial and Fiscal Shocks in the Great Recession and Recovery of the Spanish Economy]," Working Papers 18/08, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    7. Buch, Claudia M. & Hilberg, Björn & Tonzer, Lena, 2016. "Taxing banks: An evaluation of the German bank levy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 52-66.
    8. Lendvai, Julia & Raciborski, Rafal & Vogel, Lukas, 2013. "Macroeconomic effects of an equity transaction tax in a general-equilibrium model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 466-482.
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    Cited by:

    1. Josef Schroth, 2021. "On the Distributional Effects of Bank Bailouts," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 40, pages 252-277, April.

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