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The underestimated virtues of the two-sector AK model

  • Gabriel J. Felbermayr
  • Omar Licandro

Temporary employment contracts allowing unrestricted dismissals were introduced in Spain in 1984 and quickly came to account for most new jobs. In 1997, however, the Spanish government attempted to reduce the incidence of temporary employment by reducing payroll taxes and dismissal costs for permanent contracts. In this paper, we exploit the fact that recent reforms apply only to certain demographic groups to set up a natural experiment research design to study the effects of contract regulations on employment and worker flows. Using data from the Spanish Labor Force Survey, we find that the reduction of payroll taxes and dismissal costs increased the employment of young men and women on permanent contracts, although the effects for young women are marginally significant. The results suggest a moderately elastic response of permanent employment to non-wage labor costs. We also find positive effects on the transitions from unemployment and temporary employment into permanent employment for young and older workers and from permanent employment to non- employment only for older men, suggesting that the reform had little effect on dismissals.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2003-13.

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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2003-13
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  1. Greenwood, J. & Hercowitz, Z. & Krusell, P., 1995. "Long-Run Implications of Investment-Specific Technological Change," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 9510, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
  2. Rebelo, Sergio, 1991. "Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 500-521, June.
  3. Hsieh, Chang-Tai, 2001. "Endogenous growth and obsolescence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 153-171, October.
  4. Raouf BOUCEKKINE & Fernando DEL RIO & Omar LICANDRO, 2002. "Obsolescence and Modernization in the Growth Process," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2002043, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  5. Salvador Barrios & Eric Strobl, . "Industry Mobility and Concentration in the European Union," Working Papers 2002-19, FEDEA.
  6. Dajin Li, 2002. "Is the AK model still alive? The long-run relation between growth and investment re-examined," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(1), pages 92-114, February.
  7. Restuccia, Diego & Urrutia, Carlos, 2001. "Relative prices and investment rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 93-121, February.
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