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La division sexuée du travail dans les couples selon le statut marital en France - une étude à partir des enquêtes emploi du temps de 1985-1986, 1998-1999, et 2009-2010

Author

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  • Lamia Kandil

    (OFCE-Sciences PO)

  • Hélène Perivier

    (OFCE-Sciences PO)

Abstract

L’objet de cet article est d’analyser le partage des tâches domestiques dans les couples selon leur statut marital, et son évolution depuis les années 1980 à partir de trois enquêtes emploi du temps de l’Insee (1985-86, 1998-99 et 2009-10). La méthode des MCO est complétée par la méthode d’appariement qui permet de tenir compte de l’auto-sélection des couples au regard de leurs caractéristiques observables dans les différentes formes d’union (mariage, union libre et pacs pour l’année 2009-10). En 1985-86 ainsi qu’en 1998-99, le degré de division sexuée du travail était plus important dans les couples mariés que dans les couples vivant en union libre. Pour l’année 1985-86, cet écart s’explique par les différences de caractéristiques des couples vivant en union libre. En revanche, à la fin des années 1990, les couples en union libre optaient pour une organisation moins inégalitaire que celle des couples mariés toutes choses égales par ailleurs. Pour l’année 2009-10, en moyenne la part de travail domestique réalisée par les femmes est sensiblement la même qu’elles vivent en union libre ou qu’elles soient mariées (respectivement 72% et 73,5%), mais elle est significativement plus faible pour les femmes pacsées (65,1%). Ces écarts ne sont pas dus aux différences de caractéristiques observables des couples selon le type d’union. L’article montre qu’une auto-sélection des couples qui s’opèrerait sur les valeurs expliquerait cet écart : en 2009-10, le pacs attirerait les couples les plus « égalitaires », qui, avant l’introduction de l’union civile, optaient pour l’union libre.

Suggested Citation

  • Lamia Kandil & Hélène Perivier, 2017. "La division sexuée du travail dans les couples selon le statut marital en France - une étude à partir des enquêtes emploi du temps de 1985-1986, 1998-1999, et 2009-2010," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2017-03, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1703
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    File URL: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/WP2017-03.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Division sexuée du travail; statut martial; économie de la famille; enquête emploi du temps; méthode d'appariement;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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