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Asset-Price Collapse and Market Disruption - A model of financial crises -

  • KOBAYASHI Keiichiro

We construct a search-theoretic model � la Lagos and Wright (2005), that has multiple steady-state equilibria, one of which may be interpreted as a state of financial crisis. The key ingredient is the collateral-secured loan in the decentralized matching market, in which the borrowers must put up their own land as collateral. They borrow debt for intertemporal smoothing of the consumption stream and also for factor payment in production. In the crisis state, the land price is low and the debt for factor payment, i.e., liquidity, dries up. Facing a liquidity shortage, all sellers choose not to participate in the matching market and the market is shut down due to the search externality. This market disruption lowers the aggregate productivity, while the low productivity justifies the low asset price in turn. We may be able to derive a policy implication that collective debt reduction by government intervention may solve the coordination failure and bring the economy out of the crisis equilibrium.

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Paper provided by Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in its series Discussion papers with number 09045.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:09045
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  1. Ricardo Lagos & Guillaume Rocheteau, 2004. "Inflation, output and welfare," Staff Report 342, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Ferraris, Leo & Watanabe, Makoto, 2008. "Collateral secured loans in a monetary economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 143(1), pages 405-424, November.
  3. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2004. "A unified framework for monetary theory and policy analysis," Staff Report 346, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. Timothy J. Kehoe & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Great Depressions of the Twentieth Century," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-18, January.
  5. Urban Jermann & Vincenzo Quadrini, 2006. "Financial innovations and macroeconomic volatility," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
  6. Keiichiro Kobayashi, 2004. "Payment Uncertainty, the division of labor, and productivity declines in great depressions," Discussion papers 04037, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  7. Enrique G. Mendoza, 2006. "Endogenous Sudden Stops in a Business Cycle Model with Collateral Constraints:A Fisherian Deflation of Tobin's Q," NBER Working Papers 12564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Kobayashi, Keiichiro & Nakajima, Tomoyuki & Inaba, Masaru, 2012. "Collateral Constraint And News-Driven Cycles," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(05), pages 752-776, November.
  9. Keiichiro Kobayashi & Kengo Nutahara, 2007. "Collateralized capital and news-driven cycles," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 5(18), pages 1-9.
  10. Lee E. Ohanian, 2001. "Why did productivity fall so much during the Great Depression?," Staff Report 285, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  11. Christiano, Lawrence & Ilut, Cosmin & Motto, Roberto & Rostagno, Massimo, 2008. "Monetary policy and stock market boom-bust cycles," Working Paper Series 0955, European Central Bank.
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