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Energy Intensity of Indian Manufacturing Firms: Effect of Energy Prices, Technology and Firm Characteristics

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  • Bishwanath Goldar

Abstract

The paper examines the factors that influence energy intensity in Indian industries. It has two parts. In the first part, trends in energy intensity are analysis and cross-industry panel data (taken from ASI) are used to estimate an energy demand function. The results show that energy demand responds negatively to a hike in energy prices and positively to a hike in real wages. There are indications from the results of the analysis that the post- 1992 decline in energy intensity of Indian manufacturing is attributable mostly to an improvement in energy use efficiency of energy intensive industries, which in turn may be traced to hikes in the real price of energy paid by manufacturing firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Bishwanath Goldar, 2010. "Energy Intensity of Indian Manufacturing Firms: Effect of Energy Prices, Technology and Firm Characteristics," Working Papers id:2483, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2483 Note: Institutional Papers
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fisher-Vanden, Karen & Jefferson, Gary H. & Liu, Hongmei & Tao, Quan, 2004. "What is driving China's decline in energy intensity?," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 77-97, March.
    2. Sahu, Santosh & Narayanan, K, 2009. "Determinants of Energy Intensity: A Preliminary Investigation of Indian Manufacturing," MPRA Paper 16606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kemfert, Claudia & Welsch, Heinz, 2000. "Energy-Capital-Labor Substitution and the Economic Effects of CO2 Abatement: Evidence for Germany," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 641-660, November.
    4. Binay Kumar Ray & B.Sudhakara Reddy, 2007. "Decomposition of Energy Consumption and Energy Intensity in Indian Manufacturing Industries," Energy Working Papers 22327, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Mukherjee, Kankana, 2008. "Energy use efficiency in the Indian manufacturing sector: An interstate analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 662-672, February.
    6. Theodore Papadogonas & John Mylonakis & Demosthenes Georgopoulos, 2007. "Energy consumption and firm characteristics in the Hellenic manufacturing sector," International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 89-96.
    7. Pindyck, Robert S, 1979. "Interfuel Substitution and the Industrial Demand for Energy: An International Comparison," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(2), pages 169-179, May.
    8. Deb Kusum Das & Deepika Wadhwa & Gunajit Kalita, 2009. "The Employment Potential of Labor Intensive Industries in India’s Organized Manufacturing," Labor Economics Working Papers 22913, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
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    Keywords

    ASI; prices; technology; industries; demand; energy; real wages; Indian; manufacturing; real price; manufacturing firms;

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