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The Effect of Real Exchange Rate Changes on Labour Productivity Growth

  • Murphy, Gavin
  • Siedschlag, Iulia

We examine the effect of changes in international competitiveness on labour productivity growth through three channels: (i) export, (ii) import, and (iii) import competition. Using micro data from the Irish manufacturing over the period 1995-2002, we account for firms' heterogeneity in their exposure to international competitive pressure. Our econometric estimates indicate that a real exchange rate appreciation had a negative effect on labour productivity growth once a firm's export exposure was greater than 14 per cent. When a firm's import exposure exceeded 33 per cent, a real exchange rate appreciation had a positive effect on labour productivity. An increase in import competition due to a real exchange rate appreciation had no effect on a firm's labour productivity growth.

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Paper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP439.

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Date of creation: Aug 2012
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Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp439
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  1. Altomonte Carlo & Barattieri Alessandro & Rungi Armando, 2014. "Import Penetration, Intermediate Inputs and Productivity: Evidence from Italian Firms," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 45-66.
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  6. Haller, Stefanie, 2011. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Foreign Presence and Competition in Irish Services Sectors?," Papers WP395, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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  14. Davide Castellani, 2002. "Export behavior and productivity growth: Evidence from Italian manufacturing firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 605-628, December.
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  16. Moxnes, Andreas & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2010. "Product adjustments: A firm-level analysis of the impact of a real exchange rate shock," CEPR Discussion Papers 7923, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  17. Alexander Vogel & Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Higher Productivity in Importing German Manufacturing Firms: Self-selection, Learning from Importing, or Both?," Working Paper Series in Economics 106, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  18. Ekholm, Karolina & Moxnes, Andreas & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2008. "Manufacturing Restructuring and the Role of Real Exchange Rate Shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 6904, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  19. Fung, Loretta & Liu, Jin-Tan, 2009. "The impact of real exchange rate movements on firm performance: A case study of Taiwanese manufacturing firms," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 85-96, January.
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