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The Effect of Real Exchange Rate Changes on Labour Productivity Growth

  • Murphy, Gavin
  • Siedschlag, Iulia

We examine the effect of changes in international competitiveness on labour productivity growth through three channels: (i) export, (ii) import, and (iii) import competition. Using micro data from the Irish manufacturing over the period 1995-2002, we account for firms' heterogeneity in their exposure to international competitive pressure. Our econometric estimates indicate that a real exchange rate appreciation had a negative effect on labour productivity growth once a firm's export exposure was greater than 14 per cent. When a firm's import exposure exceeded 33 per cent, a real exchange rate appreciation had a positive effect on labour productivity. An increase in import competition due to a real exchange rate appreciation had no effect on a firm's labour productivity growth.

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Paper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP439.

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Date of creation: Aug 2012
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Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp439
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  8. Moxnes, Andreas & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2010. "Product adjustments: A firm-level analysis of the impact of a real exchange rate shock," CEPR Discussion Papers 7923, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  17. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
  18. Robert C. Feenstra, 1987. "Symmetric Pass-Through of Tariffs and Exchange Rates Under Imperfect Competition: An Empirical Test," NBER Working Papers 2453, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Bøler, Esther Ann & Moxnes, Andreas & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2012. "Technological Change, Trade in Intermediates and the Joint Impact on Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 8884, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  20. Nucci, Francesco & Pozzolo, Alberto F., 2001. "Investment and the exchange rate: An analysis with firm-level panel data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 259-283, February.
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