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Realized mixed-frequency factor models for vast dimensional covariance estimation

Author

Listed:
  • Bannouh, K.
  • Martens, M.P.E.
  • Oomen, R.C.A.
  • van Dijk, D.J.C.

Abstract

We introduce a Mixed-Frequency Factor Model (MFFM) to estimate vast dimensional covari- ance matrices of asset returns. The MFFM uses high-frequency (intraday) data to estimate factor (co)variances and idiosyncratic risk and low-frequency (daily) data to estimate the factor loadings. We propose the use of highly liquid assets such as exchange traded funds (ETFs) as factors. Prices for these contracts are observed essentially free of microstructure noise at high frequencies, allowing us to obtain precise estimates of the factor covariances. The factor loadings instead are estimated from daily data to avoid biases due to market microstructure effects such as the relative illiquidity of individual stocks and non-synchronicity between the returns on factors and stocks. Our theoretical, simulation and empirical results illustrate that the performance of the MFFM is excellent, both compared to conventional factor models based solely on low-frequency data and to popular realized covariance estimators based on high-frequency data.

Suggested Citation

  • Bannouh, K. & Martens, M.P.E. & Oomen, R.C.A. & van Dijk, D.J.C., 2012. "Realized mixed-frequency factor models for vast dimensional covariance estimation," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2012-017-F&A, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
  • Handle: RePEc:ems:eureri:37470
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter R. Hansen & Asger Lunde & Valeri Voev, 2010. "Realized Beta GARCH: A Multivariate GARCH Model with Realized Measures of Volatility and CoVolatility," CREATES Research Papers 2010-74, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    2. Roxana Halbleib & Valerie Voev, 2011. "Forecasting Covariance Matrices: A Mixed Frequency Approach," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2011-002, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Michael McAleer & Marcelo Medeiros, 2008. "Realized Volatility: A Review," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1-3), pages 10-45.
    4. Hautsch, Nikolaus & Kyj, Lada M. & Malec, Peter, 2011. "The merit of high-frequency data in portfolio allocation," CFS Working Paper Series 2011/24, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    5. Diaa Noureldin & Neil Shephard & Kevin Sheppard, 2012. "Multivariate high‐frequency‐based volatility (HEAVY) models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(6), pages 907-933, September.
    6. Griffin, Jim E. & Oomen, Roel C.A., 2011. "Covariance measurement in the presence of non-synchronous trading and market microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 58-68, January.
    7. Valeri Voev & Asger Lunde, 2007. "Integrated Covariance Estimation using High-frequency Data in the Presence of Noise," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 5(1), pages 68-104.
    8. Patton, Andrew J., 2011. "Volatility forecast comparison using imperfect volatility proxies," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 246-256, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fan, Jianqing & Liao, Yuan & Shi, Xiaofeng, 2015. "Risks of large portfolios," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 367-387.
    2. Bollerslev, Tim & Meddahi, Nour & Nyawa, Serge, 2019. "High-dimensional multivariate realized volatility estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 212(1), pages 116-136.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    factor models; high-frequency data; microstructure noise; non-synchronous trading; realized covariance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

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