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Carbon Dioxide Emissions, economic growth and energy mix: empirical evidence from 93 countries

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  • Elena Stolyarova

Abstract

This paper provides an empirical analysis of CO2 emissions and economic growth, based on a panel dataset covering 93 countries over the period 1960-2008, and examines the challenge of country selection for homogeneous and appropriates groups. We have proposed a no parametric hierarchic clustering approach, based on 17 categorical variables, used the Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) and the Hierarchical Clustering on Principal Components (HCPC). We have began ecnometric modeling by some model specification tests: parameters’ homogeneity, the unit root (IPS procedure) and Pedroni's cointegration tests. Finally Dynamic Panel Data and WITHIN models were estimated to explain the growth rate of per capita CO2 emissions. The results of the clustering indicate the optimal partition of 93 countries into 7 groups, each with its own characteristics. The unit root and cointegration tests show that the long-run relationship does not exist for any clusters and the nature of stationary is different between and into the groups. It’s found that the growth rate of per capita CO2 emissions depends positively on the growth rate of per capita GDP (short-run elasticity is between 0.3 and 0.79) and negatively on the growth rate of energy mix (between -0.025 and -0.13).

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  • Elena Stolyarova, 2013. "Carbon Dioxide Emissions, economic growth and energy mix: empirical evidence from 93 countries," EcoMod2013 5433, EcoMod.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekd:004912:5433
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    Cited by:

    1. Jammazi, Rania & Aloui, Chaker, 2015. "On the interplay between energy consumption, economic growth and CO2 emission nexus in the GCC countries: A comparative analysis through wavelet approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1737-1751.
    2. Jeyhun I. Mikayilov & Marzio Galeotti & Fakhri J. Hasanov, 2018. "The Impact of Economic Growth on CO2 Emissions in Azerbaijan," IEFE Working Papers 102, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.

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    Keywords

    93 countries (largest CO2 emitters); Energy and environmental policy; Macroeconometric modeling;

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