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Entrepreneurial Attitudes Versus Entrepreneurial Activities (GEM)

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  • Niels Bosma
  • Sander Wennekers

Abstract

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) investigates early-stage entrepreneurial activity and entrepreneurial framework conditions in an international perspective. The present report investigates the level and development of early-stage entrepreneurial activity in the Netherlands, in global and OECD perspective. Attitudes towards entrepreneurship and characteristics of Dutch individuals involved in early-stage entrepreneurial activities are also assessed. We find that despite all efforts made in the past two decades to stimulate entrepreneurship in the Netherlands, the numbers of start-up efforts are quite low in international perspective, although attitudes to entrepreneurship are positive. In this 2003 GEM study special attention is paid to Dutch informal investments. Similar to the level of early-stage entrepreneurial activity, the informal market in the Netherlands appears to be poorly developed.

Suggested Citation

  • Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers, 2004. "Entrepreneurial Attitudes Versus Entrepreneurial Activities (GEM)," Scales Research Reports A200316, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eim:papers:a200316
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    File URL: http://www.entrepreneurship-sme.eu/pdf-ez/A200316.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-535, June.
    2. Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers, 2002. "Entrepreneurship Under Pressure," Scales Research Reports A200205, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    3. Marco Gelderen & Roy Thurik & Niels Bosma, 2006. "Success and Risk Factors in the Pre-Startup Phase," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 319-335, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Schulze Buschoff, Karin & Schmidt, Claudia, 2006. "Own-account workers in Europe: Flexible, mobile, and often inadequately insured," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-122, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. André van Stel & Sander Wennekers & Jolanda Hessels & Chantal Hartog, 2011. "Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2010 The Netherlands," Scales Research Reports A201108, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    3. Audretsch, David B & Meijaard, Joris & Stam, Erik, 2005. "Renascent Men or Entrepreneurship as a One-Night Stand: Entrepreneurial Intentions Subsequent to Firm Exit," CEPR Discussion Papers 5342, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Niels Bosma & Kashifa Suddle & Veronique Schutjens, 2008. "Whither a flat ladscape? Regional differences in Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands," Scales Research Reports H200805, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    5. Sander Wennekers & Jolanda Hessels & Chantal Hartog, 2009. "Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2008 The Netherlands," Scales Research Reports A200914, EIM Business and Policy Research.

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