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Entrepreneurship Under Pressure

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  • Niels Bosma
  • Sander Wennekers

Abstract

Worldwide, less favourable business cycles caused a 25% decline in start-up entrepreneurship, as revealed by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2002, a project in which EIM participated as well. As for The Netherlands, declining entrepreneurship levels were not caused by fading intentions to start up business. Nevertheless, compared to 2001, significantly less people were inclined to set up a business in 2002, implying increased difficulties to set up an enterprise; i.e., the business climate seemed to be a trial for innovative start-ups in particular. The above is revealed in 'Entrepreneurship under Pressure', a research report by EIM covering The Netherlands in the framework of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2002.

Suggested Citation

  • Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers, 2002. "Entrepreneurship Under Pressure," Scales Research Reports A200205, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eim:papers:a200205
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    File URL: http://www.entrepreneurship-sme.eu/pdf-ez/A200205.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-535, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hulbert, Bev & Gilmore, Audrey & Carson, David, 2013. "Sources of opportunities used by growth minded owner managers of small and medium sized enterprises," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 293-303.
    2. Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers, 2004. "Entrepreneurial Attitudes Versus Entrepreneurial Activities (GEM)," Scales Research Reports A200316, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    3. Niels Bosma & Veronique Schutjens, 2011. "Understanding regional variation in entrepreneurial activity and entrepreneurial attitude in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(3), pages 711-742, December.

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