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Land Reform and Productivity Gains with Multiple Market Imperfections

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  • Pavel Ciaian

Abstract

This paper uses a model with transaction costs and imperfect competition in the land market to analyze the efficiency and welfare effects of land reforms. We show that removing only one imperfection may have very different efficiency and welfare effects than would otherwise result from reforms that reduce both imperfections. In extreme cases, partial reforms can actually lead to welfare losses. The welfare effects are affected by the size of transaction costs, relative farm productivity and farm land demand elasticities. Partial reforms also have important income distribution effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Pavel Ciaian, 2007. "Land Reform and Productivity Gains with Multiple Market Imperfections," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2007_01, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
  • Handle: RePEc:eei:rpaper:eeri_rp_2007_01
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    File URL: http://www.eeri.eu/documents/wp/EERI_RP_2007_01.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land market; transaction costs; imperfect competition; land reform; welfare effects;

    JEL classification:

    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • L12 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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