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The distributional consequences of tax reforms under market distortions

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  • Angelopoulos, Konstantinos
  • Jiang, Wei
  • Malley, James

Abstract

In this paper we examine the importance of imperfect competition in product and labour markets in determining the long-run welfare e¤ects of tax reforms assuming agent heterogeneneity in capital hold- ings. Each of these market failures, independently, results in welfare losses for at least a segment of the population, after a capital tax cut and a concurrent labour tax increase. However, when combined in a realistic calibration to the UK economy, they imply that a capital tax cut will be Pareto improving in the long run. Consistent with the the- ory of second-best, the two distortions in this context work to correct the negative distributional e¤ects of a capital tax cut that each one, on its own, creates.

Suggested Citation

  • Angelopoulos, Konstantinos & Jiang, Wei & Malley, James, 2011. "The distributional consequences of tax reforms under market distortions," SIRE Discussion Papers 2011-73, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  • Handle: RePEc:edn:sirdps:356
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10943/356
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Baja Daza, Gover & Fernández Tellería, Bernardo X. & Zavaleta Castellón, David, 2014. "Diminishing commodity prices and capital flight in a dutch disease and resource curse environment: The case of Bolivia," MPRA Paper 75702, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2014.
    2. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & Jim Malley & Apostolis Philippopoulos, 2013. "Human Capital, Social Mobility and the Skill Premium," CESifo Working Paper Series 4388, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & Stylianos Asimakopoulos & Jim Malley, 2013. "The Optimal Distribution of the Tax Burden over the Business Cycle," CESifo Working Paper Series 4468, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    market imperfections; heterogeneous agents; unemployment; tax reform;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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