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Steuerreformvorschläge in der Diskussion - Eine Mikrosimulationsanalyse der Aufkommens-, Beschäftigungs- und Verteilungswirkungen für Österreich

Listed author(s):
  • Paul Eckerstorfer
  • Viktor Stein


    (Freie Universität Berlin)

  • Florian Wakolbinger

Der Beitrag analysiert die Aufkommens-, Beschäftigungs- und Verteilungswirkungen einer Reformalternative zur Entlastung von Arbeitseinkommen und zur Verbesserung der Effizienz des Steuersystems auf der Basis eines Mikrosimulationsmodells. Die Reformalternative beinhaltet einen Ausgleich der „kalten Progression“, eine Reduktion der Grenzsteuersätze und eine Steuervereinfachung bei gleichzeitiger Verbreiterung der Steuerbasis, eine Reform der Grundsicherung sowie verbesserte Arbeitsanreize im unteren Einkommensbereich. Die analysierte Reformalternative wäre trotz zu erwartender positiver Beschäftigungseffekte und nur geringer Umverteilungseffekte mit erheblichen fiskalischen Kosten verbunden. Auf der Basis der ersten Erhebung zur Vermögenslage österreichischer Haushalte, dem Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) wird unter Vernachlässigung möglicher Ausweichreaktionen und zu erwartender Verteilungseffekte gezeigt, in welchem Umfang die fiskalischen Kosten der Reform durch alternative Vermögenssteuermodelle ausgeglichen werden könnten. Als Alternative zu einer Vermögenssteuer werden auch Möglichkeiten der Gegenfinanzierung durch Einsparungen bei den Staatsausgaben dargestellt.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria in its series Economics working papers with number 2013-14.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2013_14
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  1. Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez, 2013. "A Theory of Optimal Inheritance Taxation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 81(5), pages 1851-1886, 09.
  2. (IFS), Institute for Fiscal Studies & Mirrlees, James (ed.), 2011. "Tax By Design: The Mirrlees Review," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199553747.
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  4. Judd, Kenneth L., 1985. "Redistributive taxation in a simple perfect foresight model," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 59-83, October.
  5. Andrew Atkeson & V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1999. "Taxing capital income: a bad idea," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-17.
  6. Bernheim, B. Douglas, 2002. "Taxation and saving," Handbook of Public Economics,in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 18, pages 1173-1249 Elsevier.
  7. Stefan Bach & Giacomo Corneo & Viktor Steiner, 2013. "Effective Taxation of Top Incomes in Germany," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 14(2), pages 115-137, May.
  8. Chamley, Christophe, 1986. "Optimal Taxation of Capital Income in General Equilibrium with Infinite Lives," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 607-622, May.
  9. Stephen P. Jenkins & Philippe Van Kerm, 2007. "PARETOFIT: Stata module to fit a Type 1 Pareto distribution," Statistical Software Components S456832, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 11 Nov 2015.
  10. Stefan Bach & Martin Beznoska, 2012. "Aufkommens- und Verteilungswirkungen einer Wiederbelebung der Vermögensteuer: Endbericht; Forschungsprojekt im Auftrag des Ministeriums der Finanzen Rheinland-Pfalz, des Ministeriums für Finanzen und ," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 68, number pbk68, March.
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