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Innovations in productivity and plant dynamics

  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Facundo Piguillem


La evidencia empírica reciente muestra que la dinámica de productividad de las plantas industriales es relevante para explicar el crecimiento económico. La entrada y salida de plantas y la reasignación de factores desde plantas menos eficientes hacia plantas más eficientes explica una parte sustancial de los cambios agregados en la productividad total de factores; esta, a su vez, es la principal fuente de cambio en el crecimiento agregado del producto. En este trabajo utilizamos un modelo de equilibrio general con plantas heterogéneas para analizar el efecto en la dinámica de plantas de perturbaciones en eficiencia idiosincrásicas y agregadas. Parametrizando el modelo para representar una economía en desarrollo, analizamos el efecto de estas perturbaciones en eficiencia sobre diversas variables macroeconómicas, descomponiendo los efectos agregado en su dimensión sectorial. Las simulaciones numéricas muestran que un modelo como el desarrollado en este trabajo permite aproximar las regularidades observadas. Este modelo, además, puede ser utilizado para responder preguntas específicas relacionadas tanto con el ciclo económico como con el nivel de ingreso de largo plazo.

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Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 184.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:184
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